January 2,2019

January 1,2019
January 1, 2019
Quiz January 1, 2019
January 2, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Benefits of RCEP Agreement

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), which is a proposed Free Trade Agreement between ten ASEAN member states and their six Free Trade Agreement (FTA) partners namely India, Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand and Republic of Korea.

Benefits:

  • It is expected to provide market access for India’s goods and services exports
  • Encourage greater investments and technology into India.
  • It would facilitate India’s MSMEs to effectively integrate into the regional value and supply chains.
  • It will deepen and strengthen economic and technological cooperation amongst APEC member countries.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Social development

Indian Science Congress

106th Indian Science Congress is going to be held in Jalandhar, Punjab.

Highlights:

  • It is based on the theme ‘Future India: Science and Technology’.
  • It will be organised by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • The event will play a pivotal role in stimulating scientific research effort and raising the scientific temperament in the country and the world.
  • Women’s Science Congress will be part of the event to showcase the contribution of women in Science, Technology and the Society.

Read more at: TOI

Mohan Reddy Committee

The Mohan Reddy  committee was appointed to come up with a medium and short-term perspective plan for expansion in engineering education.It has submitted its report and that its suggestions are being considered by AICTE.

The Important recommendations:

  • Stop setting up new colleges from 2020 and review the creation of new capacity every two years after that.
  • No additional seats should be approved in traditional engineering areas such as mechanical, electrical, civil and electronics and institutes should be encouraged to convert current capacity in traditional disciplines to emerging new technologies.
  • Introduce undergraduate engineering programmes exclusively for artificial intelligence, blockchain, robotics, quantum computing, data sciences, cybersecurity and 3D printing and design.
  • The AICTE should only give approvals based on the capacity utilisation of concerned institute, for approving additional seats in existing institutions.

Read more at: Indian Express

Topic 2 : Environment

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

India recently submitted its Sixth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

Highlights:

  • India is among the first five countries in the world, the first in Asia and the first among the biodiversity-rich megadiverse countries to have submitted the report.
  • The report provides an update of progress in achievement of 12 National Biodiversity Targets (NBT) developed under the convention process in line with the 20 global Aichi biodiversity targets.
  • India has exceeded/ overachieved two NBTs, it is on track to achieve eight NBTs and with respect to two remaining NBTs, the country is striving to meet the targets by the stipulated time of 2020.
  • India has exceeded the terrestrial component of 17% of Aichi target 11, and 20% of corresponding NBT relating to areas under biodiversity management.
  • India has been investing a huge amount on biodiversity directly or indirectly through several development schemes of the central and state governments, to the tune of Rs 70,000 crores per annum as against the estimated annual requirement of nearly Rs 1,09,000 crore.

About CBD:

  • The Convention on Biological Diversity is the international legal instrument for “the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources” that has been ratified by 196 nations.
  • It was adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro

About Aichi Targets:

  • The ‘Aichi Targets’ were adopted by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at its Nagoya conference. It is a short term plan provides a set of 20 ambitious yet achievable targets, collectively known as the Aichi Targets. They can be divided into:
  1. Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society.
  2. Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use.
  3. Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity.
  4. Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services.
  5. Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building.

Read more at: PIB

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