January 10,2019

Quiz January 09, 2019
January 10, 2019
January 11,2019
January 11, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

One Hundred And Twenty-Fourth Amendment) Bill, 2019

The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Fourth Amendment) Bill, 2019 passed by the parliament.

Highlights:

  • 10% seats reserved for poor in higher education institutions, including private aided or unaided institutions
  • 10% state jobs reserved for poor. Reservation only in initial appointment
  • 10% reservation for ‘economically weaker sections’ will be in addition to the existing reservation.
  • ‘Economically weaker sections’ to be defined by the State from time to time on the basis of family income and other indicators of economic disadvantage.

Eligibility criteria:

  • Those with annual family income below Rs 8 lakhs
  • Owning less than five acres of land
  • People having a residential plot of more than 1,000 square feet
  • Those owning a residential plot of over 100 square yards in a notified municipality
  • People owning a residential plot more than 200 yards in non-notified areas will also not be eligible
  • Those who are already benefiting from education and job reservations under the social backwardness criteria

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Ministry of Telecommunications yearly review

Key reforms:

  • Spectrum sharing and trading allowed – to boost competition
  • Spectrum harmonisation – resulting in freeing up spectrum for auction
  • Sharing of passive (e.g., fibre, towers) and active (e.g., BTS) infrastructure
  • Deferred Payment Liabilities – to reduce financial stress in the sector
  • Easing of Right of Way (RoW) Rules and Charges – Ease of Doing Business
  • Full mobile number portability
  • Virtual Network Operators (VNO) license introduced – for effective infrastructure utilisation
  • Input credit for VNO licensees allowed to ease tax burden

The National Digital Communications Policy (NDCP) 2018

Missions – NDCP 2018

  • Connect India – Universal broadband coverage at 50 Mbps
  • Propel India – Attracting investments worth USD 100 Billion
  • Secure India – A strong, flexible, and robust communications infrastructure and data protection regime

Objectives – NDCP 2018

  • Providing Broadband to all by 2022
  • Adding 4 million jobs in the sector
  • Digital Communications sector to grow to 8% of India’s GDP by 2022 (present 6%)
  • To bring India to the top 50 rank(from present 134) in the ICT Development Index of the International Telecom Union
  • Net positive international trade in the sector – through increased local manufacturing and exports, and lower imports
  • Ensuring Digital Sovereignty of the country

Highlights:

  • Increase in overall teledensity in the country – from 75% in June 2014 to 93% in March 2018, adding 305 million new subscribers
  • Mobile Internet subscriptions more than doubled – from 233 Million in March 2014 to 491 Million in June 2018
  • Over 107% increase in internet coverage – from 251 million users in June 2014 to 512 million in June 2018
  • Number of mobile Base Transceiver Stations (BTS)more than doubled – from 7.9 lakh in May 2014 to more than 20 lakh in May 2018
  • Country-wide OFC coverage doubled – from 7 lakh km in May 2014 to 14 lakh km in May 2018
  • Average mobile data usage per subscriber grew 51 times – from 62 MB per month to 3.2 GB per month
  • Cheapest data tariff globally – from Rs. 300 per GB in 2014 to Rs. 12 per GB in June 2018, tariff reduction of 96%
  • Highest mobile data consumption globally at 3.4 Billion GB per month
  • Seven times growth in broadband access – from 61 million subscribers in March 2014, to 447 million subscribers in June 2018
  • Digital payment transactions through mobile grew four times– from 168 million in November 2016 to 600 million now
  • Five times jump in FDI inflows in Telecom Sector – from USD 1.3 billion in  2015-16, to USD 6.2 billion in 2017-18

Read more at: PIB

E-Mobility Programme

Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance adopts E-Mobility Programme.

Highlights:

  • Save over 36,000 Litres of fuel every year besides leading to reduction of over 440 tonnes of CO2 annually.
  • Transition towards a reduced carbon footprint and a more environmentally sustainable future.
  • It marks its participation in India’s e-mobility goal of 30 percent fleet electrification by 2030.
  • The Government will also save in maintenance and operating cost which is almost one fourth in comparison to an internal combustion engine.
  • Reduce dependence on oil imports and promote power capacity addition in India thereby enhancing energy security of the country.
  • It will further reduce GHG emissions from the transport sector and also positively impact the pollution level in the cities.

Read more at: PIB

E-Prison

All States and UTs except the States of Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim and UT of Lakshadweep, have implemented the E-prisons network.

Highlights:

  • The Scope of this project is to computerize and integrate all the activities related to prison and prisoner management in the jail.
  • This application suite will provide the vital information about the inmates, lodged in the prisons, in real time environment to the prison officials and other entities, involved in Criminal Justice System.
  • It will also facilitate online visit request and grievance redressal.
  • ePrisons application suite, developed by NIC, is cloud based product designed with easy to use GUI and embedded with a comprehensive security features.
  • It can be easily adopted by any state prisons department with minimum customization efforts since all the possible customization features are parameterized and can be configured by the users.

Read more at: digital India

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