January 6,2018

Quiz January 04, 2019
January 5, 2019
January 7,2018
January 7, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Green – Ag project

The Government has launched the “Green – Ag: Transforming Indian Agriculture for global environmental benefits and the conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes” in association with Global Environment Facility (GEF).

About the project:

  • The project would be implemented in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organisation.
  • It is implemented in (i) Madhya Pradesh: Chambal Landscape, (ii) Mizoram: Dampa Landscape, (iii) Odisha: Similipal Landscape, (iv) Rajasthan: Desert National Park Landscape and v) Uttarakhand: Corbett-Rajaji Landscape.
  • The project envisages integrate biodiversity, climate change and sustainable land management objectives and practices into Indian agriculture.
  • The The project aims to catalyze a transformative change of India’s agricultural sector to support the achievement of national and global environmental benefits and conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes.

About GEF:

  • It is an international partnership of 183 countries, international institutions, civil society organizations and the private sector that addresses global environmental issues.
  • The Global Environment Facility was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit
  • It aims to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems.
  • GEF funds are available to developing countries and countries with economies in transition to meet the objectives of the international environmental conventions and agreements.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

Integration of Mandis With e-NAM

The wholesale regulated markets/ Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) Markets have been so far integrated with e-market (e-NAM) platform.

Highlights:

  • States desirous of linking their mandis with e-NAM are required to carry out 3 marketing reforms in their APMC Act:
  1. Single point levy of mandi fee
  2. Unified trade license valid across all mandis of State and
  3. Provision of e-auction.  
  • After carrying out reforms, States are required to propose their wholesale regulated markets for integration with e-NAM platform based on States priorities, which are then considered by Government of India for integration.

About e-NAM:

  • National Agriculture Market (eNAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
  • Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead agency for implementing eNAM under the aegis of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India.
  • Vision- To promote uniformity in agriculture marketing by streamlining of procedures across the integrated markets, removing information asymmetry between buyers and sellers and promoting real time price discovery based on actual demand and supply.
  • Mission- Integration of APMCs across the country through a common online market platform to facilitate pan-India trade in agriculture commodities, providing better price discovery through transparent auction process based on quality of produce along with timely online payment.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

The Climate Change Performance Index 2019

The 2019 edition of the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) has been released.

Highlights of the reports:

  • India ranks 11th in this year’s CCPI, improving its standing by three places compared to the previous edition.
  • India improved its performance in the renewable energy category, joining the group of medium performers,comparatively low levels of per capita emissions and a relatively ambitious mitigation target for 2030.
  • Sweden and Morocco were the leading countries, with the latter making significant expansion of renewable energy
  • Eight of the G20-countries performed very low.
  • US and Saudi Arabia were at the bottom of the index.

About the Index:

  • The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an instrument covering 58 countries and supposed to enhance transparency in international climate politics.
  • Its aim is to encourage political and social pressure on those countries which have, up to now, failed to take ambitious actions on climate protection as well as to highlight countries with best-practice climate policies.

Method of Evaluation:

  • On the basis of standardised criteria, the index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 58 countries that are, together, responsible for more than 90% of global energy-related CO2 emissions.
  • 80% of the evaluation is based on objective indicators of emissions trend and emissions level. 20% of the index results are built upon national and international climate policy assessments by more than 200 experts from the respective countries.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

China’s Chang’e-4 lunar rover

China recently launched Chang’e-4 spacecraft, which has landed on the dark side of the moon.

The Lunar rover:

  • It is named lunar rover as ‘Yutu 2’.The rover’s touchdown is part of China Chang’e-4 lunar probe.
  • A Chinese lunar probe named Chang’e-4 made the first-ever landing on the far side of the moon.
  • It carries a rover, which carries out low-frequency radio astronomical observations and probing of structure and mineral composition of the terrain.
  • The instruments include cameras, low-frequency radio spectrum analyser, lunar neutron and radiation dose detectors.
  • With its Chang’e 4 mission, China has possibly become the first country to make a soft landing, which is a landing of a spacecraft during which no serious damage is incurred.

Significance of the mission:

  • The mission could answer fundamental questions about Earth’s only natural satellite, the moon.
  • It could reveal formation and early evolution of moon, which could guide astronomers in planetary studies and help in understanding exoplanets.
  • The probe is the first mini-greenhouse to land on another world in the solar system.
  • The investigations will reveal whether plants can grow on the moon, which is a crucial step toward long-term human missions beyond Earth.
  • The mission is a step forward in preparing people to return to the moon for longer than a brief visit.

Read more at: The Hindu

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