With the introduction of new general studies and aptitude paper in the prelims stage, cracking Engineering Service Exam has become bit tricky. Engineers may not have good understanding of general studies and current happenings in the society, because of academic curriculum design. In this article we try to understand the importance of GS paper in prelims exam after the changed IES exam pattern.
In the previous pattern, there were three objective and two descriptive thus total five papers before the interview stage. And all these five exam papers were conducted simultaneously in one go. Whereas in the revised exam pattern, there are two stages. First stage is preliminary and only the candidates who cleared this stage will be allowed to appear for the mains exam.
Here the preliminary cut off marks are based on the combined marks obtained in both the papers together.
Candidate should manage to score well, not only in technical paper but also in the GS paper. Let’s assume that last year cutoff was at 260 marks. If the candidate is comfortable in technical paper, then she/he can easily cross the cut off marks even with less score in the GS paper. But if score in the technical is average, then people with good GS marks will definitely get an excellent chance to clear.
After written exam, total marks will be considered, including preliminary stage for the interview. Scoring in the objective is always much more easier than scoring in the descriptive exam. So higher scores in the GS paper would definitely helps the candidate.
UPSC generally call the candidates in the 2.5:1 ratio to the number of vacancies.
As shown in the diagram, assuming that interview score is average, a good GS score is vital to enter into final list if the candidate is at the border. And it is also important to get the desired post when you enter in the final list.
Below are the ten topics mentioned in the notification.
It is specifically emphasised that the marks distribution from each topic is from 5% to 15%. That means all the topics are having equal weightage and everything should be treated with equal importance
Below table shows segregation of marks for the 2017 paper.
From the diagrams it is evident that minimum and maximum marks asked are in-between the limits as mentioned in the notification.
Below is the segregation of questions for the paper-1, set-A,2017. There may be some overlapping questions between different topics but most of them are correctly placed
By employing smarter ways to tackle each topic, time and efforts can be reduced to a great extent. Syllabus can be broadly divided into three sections to reduce complexity on our brains
Many times people spend more time on current affairs neglecting other topics. But we need to remember that marks distribution is within the mentioned limit of 5-15%. For the sake of more understanding, last year’s marks distribution according to the categories are plotted as below.
Static subjects with five topics are having around 45% share, dynamic subjects with three topics are having 30% share and remaining from the maths & aptitude. So each subject is equally important and one should spend quality time on individual topic.
Yes. It is very much possible. From the analysis of last year paper, maths and aptitude portions were very simple and questions were even below the GATE level.
Dynamic subjects questions were also easy to crack, if the candidate had studied exam oriented and focused materials. But in case of static portion, people got confused, because the topics were new and unknown.
Let’s consider possible scores(in percentage ) in each section
Thus total percentage = 20%+20%+30%=70% of 200 marks=140 marks
The above calculation is based on average assumptions. For sure, with more efforts, it is very easy to break this score.
There are three subtopics under this topic – social, economic and industrial related issues.
Different issues under each subtopics are as below
Basic theory covers below topics
Different types of energy generation are
Recent issues in news from the above topics come under correct happenings
Can be dealt as given below
Different technologies related to mobiles, internet, communications and new developments etc.
Different topics under this section are both global and national developments in
ICT’s impact in different fields in India
ICT in other countries
Below topics will be covered
Introduction to atoms and different chemical bonds, crystallography, electronic materials, magnetic, mechanical and optical properties of materials, ferrous, ceramics, polymers, composites
Basis design criteria in mechanical, electrical and electronics systems will be covered under this. If we analyze last year paper, concepts like stresses and resistance variation with temperature were asked.
Basics of engineering drawing will be covered
Industrial safety protocols, standard safety procedures in different types of industries, constructions etc will be covered
Different concepts like total quality control, ISO, six sigma etc will be covered
Concepts like project life cycle,formulation,project planning and scheduling, project organisation,appraisal,monitoring and control,project evaluation and control etc, will be covered
This will be dealt in two parts
Concepts like values and morals, laws, code of conduct, ethical dilemma, probity in profession
Engineering professional ethics
Personal ethics vs professional ethics, corporate ethics, regulations, decision making, quality and standards, professional competencies, public relations etc. will be covered
Basic concepts with practice questions is enough to score good marks in this section.
It is better to spend daily 2-3 hrs on GS paper. In the first reading, try to complete all static (including those in dynamics subjects)and maths portion. Read current affairs periodically, like every week end, and revise then again at the end of every month. Periodic revision of static subjects also important.
Syllabus for the static subjects and maths portion is relatively known and constant. So this is a one time exercise to collect good material. But in case of dynamic subjects, basic theory is same everywhere but only confusion arises with current happenings. Instead of reading all redundant material, concentrate on the topics those are mentioned in the syllabus. In our website, we try to provide precise and exam oriented current affairs by avoiding unnecessary data.