February 7,2019

Quiz February 02, 2019
February 6, 2019
February 8,2019
February 8, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Industrial development

National Institutes of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2019

The Union Cabinet has approved the introduction of National Institutes of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2019.

Highlights:

  • The objective of the bill is to confer the status of Institutions of National Importance to National Institute of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM) at Kundli, Haryana, and the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT) at Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu.
  • The legislation would provide for functional autonomy to the institutes to design and develop courses, undertake research activities and leverage enhanced status in their academic pursuits, so that they become world class institutes.
  • The institutes would implement the reservation policy of the Government and would also undertake special outreach activities for the benefits of concerned stakeholders.
  • It would enable the institutes to provide world class teaching and research experience by adopting innovative practices.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Energy

National Gas Grid

Government has launched National Gas Grid gas pipeline project which aims to provide piped cooking gas.

The aims and objectives:

  • To remove regional imbalance within the country with regard to access of natural gas and provide clean and green fuel throughout the country.
  • To connect gas sources to major demand centres and ensure availability of gas to consumers in various sectors.
  • Development of City Gas Distribution Networks in various cities for supply of CNG and PNG.

About Natural gas :

  • Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
  • Natural gas available in India can broadly be classified into two categories, viz.

(i) Domestic Natural Gas and

(ii) Imported Re-gasified Liquefied Natural Gas (R-LNG).

Read more at:PIB

Grid-connected Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Power Projects

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy’s proposal for implementation of the Central Public Sector Undertaking (CPSU) Scheme Phase-ll for setting up 12,000 MW grid-connected Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Power Projects.

Highlights:

  • The Scheme will mandate use of both solar photovoltaic (SPV) cells and modules manufactured domestically as per specifications and testing requirements fixed by MNRE.
  • The Scheme will also help in giving a push to “Make-in-lndia” by encouraging Government Producers to procure solar cells and modules from domestic manufacturers.
  • The Scheme will create sufficient demand for domestically produced solar PV cells and modules for next 3 to 4 years.

About Solar Photovoltaic:

  • Solar Photovoltaic (PV) is a technology that converts sunlight (solar radiation) into direct current electricity by using semiconductors. When the sun hits the semiconductor within the PV cell, electrons are freed and form an electric current.
  • Solar PV technology is generally employed on a panel (hence solar panels). PV cells are typically found connected to each other and mounted on a frame called a module. Multiple modules can be wired together to form an array, which can be scaled up or down to produce the amount of power needed.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

GSAT-31-communication satellite

Indian Space Research Organisation’s latest communication satellite, GSAT-31 was successfully launched by Arianespace aboard its launch vehicle Ariane 5 from the spaceport in French Guiana

About GSAT- 31:

  • A telecommunications satellite designed and manufactured by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • India’s 40th communication satellite and derives its heritage from ISROs earlier INSAT/GSAT satellite series.
  • It will be placed in Geostationary Orbit (36,000 km above the equator) using its onboard propulsion system.
  • It will provide communication services to Indian mainland and islands as it as a unique configuration of providing flexible frequency segments and flexible coverage.
  • The satellite will also be used for bulk data transfer for a host of emerging telecommunication applications.

Applications:

  • DTH Television Services
  • Connectivity to VSATs for ATM
  • Stock-exchange
  • Digital Satellite News Gathering (DSNG) and
  • e-governance applications.

Key facts:

  • The satellite will augment the Ku-band transponder capacity in Geostationary Orbit.
  • A mission life of around 15 years.
  • It will also provide wide beam coverage to facilitate communication over large oceanic region, comprising large parts of Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean, using a wide band transponder.

Read more at:ET

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