February 28,2019

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March 1, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

SHREYAS program

The Ministry of Human Resources Development has launched the Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS) for providing industry apprenticeship opportunities to the general graduates exiting in April 2019 through the National Apprenticeship Promotional Scheme (NAPS).

The scheme:

  • The program aims to enhance the employability of Indian youth by providing ‘on the job work exposure’ and earning of stipend.
  • The programme basket comprising the initiatives of three Central Ministries, namely
  1. the Ministry of Human Resource Development,
  2. Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship and
  3. the Ministry of Labour & Employment viz the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS), the National Career Service (NCS)and introduction of BA/BSc/BCom (Professional) courses in the higher educational institutions.
  • It  is a programme conceived for students in degree courses, primarily non-technical, with a view to introduce employable skills into their learning, promote apprenticeship as integral to education and also amalgamate employment facilitating efforts of the Government into the education system.
  • To clear pathways towards employment opportunities are available to students during and after their graduation.

SHREYAS portal

  • The portal aims to provide internships to students pursuing general courses, connect recruiters and graduates.
  • Portal will enable educational institutions and industry to log in and provide their respective demand and supply of apprenticeship.
  • The matching of students with apprenticeship avenues will take place as per pre-specified eligibility criteria.
  • The website, shreyas.ac.in,  is operational and is already inviting applications from students from non-technical courses such as BA, BSc. BCom et al. Students and alumni can register themselves at the portal which will connect them with apprenticeship programmes and recruiters.

Significance of the programme:

  • To make our degree students more skilled, capable, employable
  • It is aligned to the needs of our economy so that they contribute to country’s progress and also obtain gainful employment.
  • To fill the gap between education and industry/service sectors on a sustainable basis.

Read more at: IndianExpress

Topic 1:Industrial development

Yuva Sahakar scheme

National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) launched ‘Yuva Sahakar’ scheme.


  • To attract youth to cooperative business ventures.
  • It has created a dedicated fund with liberal features enabling youth to avail the scheme.
  • It would provide more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members.
  • The funding for the project will be up to 80 percent of the project cost for these special categories against 70 percent for others.
  • The scheme envisages 2 percent less than the applicable rate of interest on term loan for the project cost up to Rs 3 crore including 2 years moratorium on payment of principal.
  • All types of cooperatives in operation for at least one year are eligible to avail of the scheme.
  • It would encourage cooperatives to venture into new and innovative areas.
  • The scheme is expected to meet the needs of youth.

About NCDC:

  • The NCDC has the unique distinction of being the sole statutory organisation functioning as an apex financial and developmental institution exclusively devoted to cooperative sector.
  • It supports cooperatives in diverse fields apart from agriculture and allied sectors.
  • It is an ISO 9001:2015 compliant organisation and has a distinctive edge of competitive financing.
  • Being the most preferred financial institution in the world of cooperatives, it has also initiated Sahakar 22, a Mission for Doubling Farmers’ Income by 2022.

Read more at: PIB

TECH-SOP programme

The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises is organizing a programme on Technology Support and Outreach (TECH-SOP).

The objective:

To educate MSMEs and enhance their awareness about latest technological innovation available and sensitize them on the role of technology in creating competitiveness and opportunities.


  • TECH – SOP is an initiative of the MSME Ministry to bridge the gap between research and development institutions and MSMEs so that they can use latest technologies and become a part of global value chain.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Birds risk mitigation measures

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has asked wind energy developers and power transmission companies to take risk mitigation measures.


  • In focus mainly is the Great Indian Bustard (GIB), a critically endangered bird species found on the Indian subcontinent.
  • Wind farms are known to be harmful to birds, causing disruption in their migration patterns and resulting in above average death rates.

What are the risks?

Electrocution with the transmission lines and collision with wind turbines of wind energy farms are major causes of death of birds.

What are the suggested measures?

  1. First, it has introduced a Great Indian Bustard Species Recovery Programme in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and GIB range states. This includes identifying critical power transmission lines and wind energy farms in GIB habitats and then making them GIB friendly.
  2. Second, the animal passage plan. A Standing Committee of National Board of Wildlife made the submission of the plan – prepared on the basis of WII guidelines – mandatory for considering approval of any new linear infrastructure project proposal passing through protected areas and other wildlife rich areas.
  3. Third, the ministry plans to constitute an inter-ministerial taskforce comprising officers of the Ministry of Power, PGCIL, CEA and the environment ministry for suggesting measures to avoid deaths of birds and other animals due to transmission lines.
  4. Lastly, the Forest Advisory Committee has made it mandatory for power transmission line agencies to deploy bird diverters on conductors and painting the vane tips of wind turbines with orange colour to avoid bird hits.

About Great Indian Bustard(GIB):

  • Listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972, in the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals(CM) and in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List and the National Wildlife Action Plan (2002-2016).
  • It has also been identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Conservation Issues

  • Hunting
  • Occasional poaching
  • Collisions with high tension electric wires
  • Habitat loss
  • Anthropogenic causes
  • Climate change

Read more at: ET

Topic 2 : Energy

SATAT scheme

SATAT is an initiative aimed at providing a Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation as a developmental effort that would benefit both vehicle-users as well as farmers and entrepreneurs.


  • SATAT was launched with a four-pronged agenda of-
  1. utilising more than 62 million metric tonnes of waste generated every year in India
  2. cutting down import dependence,
  3. supplementing job creation in the country and
  4. reducing vehicular emissions and pollution from burning of agricultural / organic waste.
  • Bio-gas is produced naturally through a process of anaerobic decomposition from waste / bio-mass sources like agriculture residue, cattle dung, sugarcane press mud, municipal solid waste, sewage treatment plant waste, etc.After purification, it is compressed and called CBG, which has pure methane content of over 90%.
  • Compressed Bio-Gas(CBG) is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas in its composition and energy potential. CBG can be used as an alternative, renewable automotive.

Significance of CBG:

  • Responsible waste management, reduction in carbon emissions and pollution
  • Additional revenue source for farmers
  • Boost to entrepreneurship, rural economy and employment
  • Support to national commitments in achieving climate change goals
  • Reduction in import of natural gas and crude oil
  • Buffer against crude oil/gas price fluctuations

Read more at: PIB

Topic 4: General Knowledge

South Coast Railway (SCoR)

Indian Railways announces creation of a new zone with headquarter at Visakhapatnam.

Key facts:

  • The new zone named “South Coast Railway (SCoR)”, will comprise of existing Guntakal, Guntur and Vijayawada divisions of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Waltair division shall be split into two parts.
  1. One part of Waltair division will be incorporated in the new zone i.e. in South Coast Railway and will be merged with the neighbouring Vijayawada division.
  2. Remaining portion of Waltair division shall be converted into a new division with headquarter at Rayagada under East Coast Railway (ECoR).
  • South Central Railway will comprise of Hyderabad, Secunderabad and Nanded divisions.

Read more at: PIB

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