February 21,2019

February 20,2019
February 20, 2019
February 22,2019
February 22, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

National Rural Economic Transformation Project

The Union Cabinet has approved the Implementation of an Externally Aided Project namely “National Rural Economic Transformation Project (NRETP) under the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) through loan assistance (IBRD Credit) from World Bank.

Salient features:

  • DAY-NRLM lays special emphasis on targeting the poorest of the poor and the most vulnerable communities and their financial inclusion.
  • Innovative projects will be undertaken under NRETP to pilot alternate channels of financial inclusion, creating value chains around rural products, introduce innovative models in livelihoods promotion and access to finance and scale-up initiatives on digital finance and livelihoods interventions.
  • DAY-NRLM provides for mutually beneficial working relationship and formal platforms for consultations between Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and Community Based Organizations(CBOs).
  • NRLM has also developed activity map to facilitate convergence in different areas of interventions where NRLM institutions and PRIs could work together which has been disseminated to all state Rural Livelihood Missions.

Benefits:

The technical assistance provided by NRETP and the higher level interventions facilitated by the project will enhance the livelihoods promotion and access to finance and scale-up initiatives on digital finance and livelihood interventions.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

The Startup Ranking 2019

Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) released second edition of Startup Ranking for 2019.

Highlights:

  • The Startup Ranking framework aims to rank the States/UTs for establishing a robust ecosystem for supporting Startups.
  • The framework also encourages States and UTs to identify, learn and replicate good practices from each other.
  • The Startup Ranking 2019 is expected to take forward the Startup ecosystem in the country and give impetus to the vision of India becoming a Startup Nation.

The Ranking Framework 2019:

  • It comprises of 7 pillars and 30 action points.
  • The pillars will assess States’/UTs efforts across institutional support, simplifying regulations, easing public procurement, incubation support, seed funding support, venture funding support and awareness and outreach related activities.
  • The ranking exercise aims to evaluate measures taken by States/UTs during the assessment period from May 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019.
  • DPIIT also proposes to recognise States and UTs for their exemplary performance in seven pillars of the ranking framework.
  • As part of the Ranking 2019 exercise, DPIIT will recognize innovative Startup programs and initiatives from State/UT Governments.

Read more at: ET

Topic 2 : Environment

Bharat Stage emission norms (BS VI Norms)

What are Bharat Stage emission norms?

  • Bharat Stage emission norms are the benchmarks aimed at regulating release of air pollutants from automobiles.Based on European emission norms, every Bharat Stage iteration ushers in more stringent restrictions on emissions.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change introduces BS-I in 2000, followed by BS-II in 2005, BS-III in 2010, and BS-IV in 2017.

What is BS VI?

  • BS VI refers to the sixth stage of the Bharat Stage emission norms.
  • BS IV-compliant fuel contains 50 ppm (parts per million) sulphur, while BS VI fuel has just 10 ppm sulphur.
  • Furthermore, compared to BS IV, NOx (oxides of nitrogen) emission limits are cut down by 68 per cent for light duty diesel vehicles, while that for light-duty petrol vehicles are reduced by 25 per cent.
  • BS VI also includes heightened particulate matter (PM) emission standard and a particle number (PN) emission limit of 6×1011/km.
  • The BS VI proposal also institutes PM and PN emission limits forlight-duty gasoline vehicles though they are applicable only for vehicles that get direct injection engines.
  • BS VI also includes a crucial change in vehicle type approval procedures for light-duty vehicles.
  • It mandates the use of portable emissions measurement systems (PEMS) for in-service conformity testing. This, in turn, will help make sure that the emissions performance observed during in laboratory-based emissions testing is maintained in real world driving conditions as well.

When will BS VI come into effect in India?

The BS 6 norms come into effect from 1 April, 2020.

Challenges for implementation:

  • For automobile manufacturers, the implementation of BS VI norms will translate into a jump in investments in technology that will enable them to upgrade the vehicles they already have in stock and making new vehicles that are compliant with the regulations.
  • For buyers, it means they will be spending a tad more.
  • State-run oil companies don’t  intend to recover the increased cost involved in the production of the higher quality BS VI fuel from customers

Read more at: Timesnow

Topic 3 : ICT

Operation Digital Board

The Ministry of Human Resource Development launched Operation Digital Board to leverage technology in order to boost quality education in the country.

Highlights:

  • Operation Digital Board is a revolutionary step which will make the learning as well as the teaching process interactive and popularize flipped learning as a pedagogical approach.
  • It will be introduced all over the country in government and government aided schools from class 9th onwards as well as in higher education institutions.
  • ODB aims at converting a class room into a digital class room
  • It ensures availability of e-resources at any time and at any place to students, it will also help in provisioning of personalised adaptive learning as well as Intelligent Tutoring by exploiting emerging technologies like Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence & Data Analytics. An expert committee has worked out optimum configuration of the Digital Class Rooms under ODB.

Significance of the ODB:

  • It improves quality teaching-learning.
  • It will bridge the gap between society and market.
  • It ensures equity in educational standards.

Read more at: Indiatoday

Initiatives of Ministry of Electronics & IT

Digital India Compendium

  • Digital Bharat, Saksham Bharat – A Compendium on Digital India covers the entire gamut of the Digital India programme from policy to implementation perspective, highlighting the transformation led by Digital India, a story of Digital Empowerment and Digital Inclusion.
  • The compendium is brought out with an objective to disseminate and propagate the success of Digital India among masses.

Digidhan Mitra Chatbot

  • Designed and developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC), the AI based Digidhan Mitra enables a text & voice based conversation with the user, mining the Digidhan Portal.
  • It give customized information in graphical, tabular and textual format.
  • It provides bank wise transactions details as well as growth pattern of various modes of transactions like BHIM, IMPS, Cards etc. in tabular as well as graphical form.”

Technology Incubation and Development of Entrepreneurs (TIDE 2.0) Scheme

  • To promote the momentum into the tech entrepreneurship landscape.
  • The Scheme provides financial and technical support to incubators engaged in supporting ICT startups using emerging technologies such as IoT, AI, Block-chain, Robotics etc. in seven pre-identified areas of societal relevance.

Read more at: PIB

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