February 18,2019

Quiz February 16, 2019
February 18, 2019
February 19,2019
February 19, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

The Finance Commission

The Finance Commission is appointed by the President under Article 280 of the Constitution.

Functions of the Finance Commission: It is the duty of the Commission to make recommendations to the President as to:

  1. The distribution between the Union and the States of the net proceeds of taxes which are to be, or may be, divided between them and the allocation between the States of the respective shares of such proceeds;
  2. The principles which should govern the grants-in-aid of the revenues of the States out of the Consolidated Fund of India;
  3. The measures needed to augment the Consolidated Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats and Municipalities in the State on the basis of the recommendations made by the Finance Commission of the State;
  4. Any other matter referred to the Commission by the President in the interests of sound finance.

The First Finance Commission was constituted vide Presidential Order dated 22.11.1951 under the chairmanship of Shri K.C. Neogy on 6th April, 1952.  Fifteenth Finance Commissions have been Constituted by President of India and headed by N.K Singh.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

Seaweeds

There is an immediate need to try and improve the efficiency of food production due to increase in population and low availability of land for cultivation of crops.

Importance of seaweeds:

  • They are low-calorie and nutrient-dense food items and eaten by people in most parts of South East Asia .
  • They are rich sources of vitamins A and C and minerals such as Ca, Mg, Zn, Se and Fe.
  • They also have a high level of vegetable proteins and omega 3 and 6 fatty acids.
  • They are vegetarian, indeed vegan, and do not have any fishy smell, thus good and acceptable.
  • It does not require pesticides, fertilizers and water for irrigation, which is an added advantage.
  • Seaweeds are the champions, contributing to about 50% of all photosynthesis in the world.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Guidelines on Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

Government has issued guidelines to upgrade the charging infrastructure in the country to boost the electric vehicles.

Highlights:

  • The Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry has made amendments to the Model Building Bye laws (MBBL) 2016 and Urban Regional Development Plans Formulation and Implementation (URDPFI) Guidelines 2014.
  • Making provisions for establishing EV charging infrastructure.

The Guidelines:

  • A public charging station should be on both sides of the highways or roads on every 25 km.
  • There should be at least one station on each side of the highway every 100 kilometres for long range and heavy-duty electric vehicles.
  • Charging facilities will also be available at bus depots and transport hubs within three years.
  • The government has also permitted private charging at residences and offices.

Read more at: Businesstoday

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