Quiz February 11, 2019February 13, 2019
February 14,2019February 14, 2019
Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Social development
Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital in Education (SATH-E) Project implemented by NITI Aayog.
- An initiative in based on formal agreements with the States and will be funded through a cost-sharing mechanism between NITI Aayog and the participating states.
- The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) and Piramal Foundation for Education Leadership (PFEL) were chosen as knowledge partners for the project facilitating review, data collection and implementation.
- It aims to transform elementary and secondary school education.
- SATH-E roadmap refers to a time-bound, goal-driven exercise that will reach its logical culmination by the end of the academic year 2020.
- It envisages the entire governmental school education system responsive, aspirational and transformational for every child
- SATH-E aims to create role model States for education and mainstream ‘islands of excellence’ across the country to facilitate qualitative and quantitative transformation of learning outcomes.
- Marrying technology with need-based, data-driven assessment and a ‘giving it what it takes’ approach – be it innovation, incubation, external third party funding and Public- Private- Philanthropic Partnership (PPPP) experimentation – SATH-E puts the States in the driver’s seat to transform education at scale.
Read more at:PIB
Topic 2 : Environment
Conservation of biodiversity
The 14th meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was held in Sharm el-Sheik, Egypt.
About Convention on Biological Diversity:
- It is an international legally-binding treaty with three main goals:
- Conservation of biodiversity
- Sustainable use of biodiversity
- Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.
- It overall objective is to encourage actions, which will lead to a sustainable future.
- It covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources.
- It covers biotechnology, including through the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.
- These are a set of resources such as air, land, water and biodiversity that do not belong to one community or individual, but to humanity.
- According to estimates, a third of the global population depends on ‘Commons’ for their survival; 65% of global land area is under ‘Commons’, in different forms.
Problems of Commons:
- National Sample Survey Office data show a 1.9% quinquennial rate of decline in the area of ‘Common’ lands.
- Jeopardising the health of systemic drivers such as soil, moisture, nutrient, biomass and biodiversity, in turn aggravating food, fodder and water crises.
- As of 2013, India’s annual cost of environmental degradation has been estimated to be ₹3.75 trillion per year, i.e. 5.7% of GDP according to the World Bank.
Why the concern?
- Socio-political, economic and environmental problem.
- Changing socio-political impact of migration.
Approaches for the future:
- To re-introduce more strongly, the management and governance principles of ‘Commons’ approaches into decision-making and implementation of conservation, use and benefit sharing action.
- To use Joseph Schumpeter’s approach of creative destruction to put resource management in the hands of the people.
- To re-look at Elinor Ostrom’s Nobel Prize winning principles of dealing with ‘Commons’.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has formulated a Scheme ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM)’.
About the scheme:
- installation of grid-connected solar power plants each of Capacity up to 2 MW in the rural areas
- installation of standalone off-grid solar water pumps to fulfil irrigation needs of farmers not connected to grid; and
- solarisation of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also enable them to sell surplus solar power generated to DISCOM and get extra income.
- solarization of tube-wells and lift irrigation projects of Government sector.
Read more at: PIB