February 13,2019

Quiz February 11, 2019
February 13, 2019
February 14,2019
February 14, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

SATH-E Project

Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital in Education (SATH-E) Project implemented by NITI Aayog.

The SATH-E:

  • An initiative in based on formal agreements with the States and will be funded through a cost-sharing mechanism between NITI Aayog and the participating states.
  • The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) and Piramal Foundation for Education Leadership (PFEL) were chosen as knowledge partners for the project facilitating review, data collection and implementation.
  • It aims to transform elementary and secondary school education.
  • SATH-E roadmap refers to a time-bound, goal-driven exercise that will reach its logical culmination by the end of the academic year 2020.
  • It envisages the entire governmental school education system responsive, aspirational and transformational for every child
  • SATH-E aims to create role model States for education and mainstream ‘islands of excellence’ across the country to facilitate qualitative and quantitative transformation of learning outcomes.
  • Marrying technology with need-based, data-driven assessment and a ‘giving it what it takes’ approach – be it innovation, incubation, external third party funding and Public- Private- Philanthropic Partnership (PPPP) experimentation – SATH-E puts the States in the driver’s seat to transform education at scale.

Read more at:PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Conservation of biodiversity

The 14th meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was held in Sharm el-Sheik, Egypt.

About Convention on Biological Diversity:

  • It  is an international legally-binding treaty with three main goals:
  1. Conservation of biodiversity
  2. Sustainable use of biodiversity
  3. Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.
  • It overall objective is to encourage actions, which will lead to a sustainable future.
  • It covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources.
  • It covers biotechnology, including through the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.

Commons:

  • These are a set of resources such as air, land, water and biodiversity that do not belong to one community or individual, but to humanity.
  • According to estimates, a third of the global population depends on ‘Commons’ for their survival; 65% of global land area is under ‘Commons’, in different forms.

Problems of Commons:

  • National Sample Survey Office data show a 1.9% quinquennial rate of decline in the area of ‘Common’ lands.
  • Jeopardising the health of systemic drivers such as soil, moisture, nutrient, biomass and biodiversity, in turn aggravating food, fodder and water crises.
  • As of 2013, India’s annual cost of environmental degradation has been estimated to be ₹3.75 trillion per year, i.e. 5.7% of GDP according to the World Bank.

Why the concern?

  • Socio-political, economic and environmental problem.
  • Changing socio-political impact of migration.
  • Urbanisation.

Approaches for the future:

  • To re-introduce more strongly, the management and governance principles of ‘Commons’ approaches into decision-making and implementation of conservation, use and benefit sharing action.
  • To use Joseph Schumpeter’s approach of creative destruction to put resource management in the hands of the people.
  • To re-look at Elinor Ostrom’s Nobel Prize winning principles of dealing with ‘Commons’.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

KUSUM Scheme

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has formulated a Scheme ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM)’.

About the scheme:

  • installation of grid-connected solar power plants each of Capacity up to 2 MW in the rural areas
  • installation of standalone off-grid solar water pumps to fulfil irrigation needs of farmers not connected to grid; and
  • solarisation of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also enable them to sell surplus solar power generated to DISCOM and get extra income.
  • solarization of tube-wells and lift irrigation projects of Government sector.

Read more at: PIB

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