Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Economic development
IMF warns of global economic “storm”
The International Monetary Fund on Sunday warned governments to gear up for a possible economic storm as growth undershoots expectations.
- The IMF lowered its global economic growth forecast for this year from 3.7 per cent to 3.5 per cent.
- The risks posed by rising borrowing costs within a context of “heavy debt” racked up by governments, firms and households.
- Trade tensions and tariff escalations
- Financial tightening
- Uncertainty related to (the) Brexit outcome
- Spillover impact and
- An accelerated slowdown of the Chinese economy
Read more at: ET
Topic 1:Industrial development
Development of Smart Industrial Port Cities
Government of India is decided to develop two Smart Industrial Port Cities one at East Coast (Paradip Port) and another at West Coast (Deen Dayal Port, Kandla).
- To promote Port-Led Industrial development by providing necessary infrastructure and allied services at one place for EXIM trade to boost up economy of the country.
- Ministry of Shipping has launched the flagship Programme Sagarmala to promoted Port-Led Development in the country.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 2 : Environment
Combating Marine Pollution
The India-Norway Marine Pollution Initiative will combat marine pollution, which is one of the fastest growing environmental concerns.
- The initiative will seek to support local governments in implementing sustainable waste management practices.
- To develop systems for collecting and analyzing information about sources and scope of marine pollution and improve private sector investment.
- Support will also be directed towards beach clean-up efforts, awareness raising campaigns and pilot project using plastic waste as fuel substitution for coal in cement production and developing frameworks for deposit schemes.
Read more at: PIB
Air pollution can be broken down into ambient (outdoor) air pollution and indoor air pollution.
Sources of Air pollution:
- The burning of fossil fuels, such as coal to generate electricity for homes and businesses, or petrol and diesel to power our cars, buses, ships and planes.
- Industrial processes, particularly from the chemical and mining industries.
- Agriculture, which is a major source of methane and ammonia.
- Waste treatment and management, particularly landfills.
- Dirty indoor cooking and heating systems, a major problem in the developing world.
- Volcanic eruptions, dust storms and other natural processes.
Ambient (outdoor) air pollution accounts for:
- 25 per cent of all deaths and disease from lung cancer
- 16 per cent of all deaths from stroke
- 15 per cent of all deaths and disease from ischaemic heart disease
- 8 per cent of all deaths and disease from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Where is air pollution worst?
- Air pollution is a problem across the globe, but it disproportionately affects people living in developing nations.
- Delhi, India and Cairo, Egypt have the worst PM10 pollution levels out of the world’s megacities (over 14 million people). Argentina, Brazil, China, Mexico and Turkey all have cities in the top-ten list of most-polluted places.
What is being done about air pollution?
- A global movement to address air pollution is growing.
- BreatheLife – a global network headed by the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the World Health Organization and UN Environment – is running cleaner air initiatives that cover 39 cities, regions, and countries, reaching over 80 million citizens.
- By instituting policies and programmes to curb transport and energy emissions and to promote the use of clean energy, cities are proving to be focal points where change that improves the lives of the most people possible is happening.
- The rise of renewable energy is also set to make a big difference, with investment in new renewable sources outstripping fossil fuel investments each year.
Read more at: UN
Topic 2 : Energy
Strategic Petroleum Reserves
In a boost to energy security of the country, PM recently dedicated to the nation, 1.33 MMT Visakhapatnam Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facility of Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve Limited (ISPRL).
- The Facility has the largest underground storage compartment in the country.
- The Government of India had decided to set up 5 million metric tons (MMT) of strategic crude oil storages at three locations namely, Visakhapatnam, Mangalore and Padur (near Udupi).
- These strategic storages would be in addition to the existing storages of crude oil and petroleum products with the oil companies and
- The reserves would serve as a cushion during any external supply disruptions.
- In the 2017-18 budget, it was announced that two more such caverns will be set up Chandikhole in Jajpur district of Odisha and Bikaner in Rajasthan as part of the second phase.
- The construction of the Strategic Crude Oil Storage facilities is being managed by Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Limited (ISPRL), a Special Purpose Vehicle, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Oil Industry Development Board (OIDB) under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
Use of Space Technology for Border Management
Union Government has formed a Task Force for identifying areas for use of space technology in improving border management headed by Joint Secretary (Border Management) with members from Border Guarding Forces (BGFs) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- The project will strengthen island and border security by providing observation, communication and navigation capability to border guarding and internal security forces in remote areas.
- It will also help Ministry of Home Affairs in planning and monitoring of development of border and island infrastructure.
Details of the areas identified for use of space technology:
- Island development and security
- Border Surveillance
- Communication and Navigation
- GIS and Operations Planning System
- Border Infrastructure Monitoring
Read more at: PIB