Quiz – August 27,2018August 29, 2018
Quiz – August 28 th,2018August 30, 2018
Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 2 : Environment
India’s most polluted cities : 30% have no clean up plan
A good number of India’s most polluted cities are not too keen to clean up their act, according to a list maintained by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
- Of the 102 cities singled out by the Centre for their alarming pollution levels, only 73 have submitted a plan of remedial action to the CPCB.
- These so called ‘non-attainment cities’ were among those marked out by the CPCB and asked – as part of the National Clean Air Campaign (NCAP) – to implement 42 measures aimed at mitigating air pollution
- The steps such as implementing control and mitigation measures related to vehicular emissions, re-suspension of road dust and other fugitive emissions, bio-mass, municipal solid waste burning, industrial pollution, and construction and demolition activities.
- The non-attainment cities are those that have fallen short of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for over five year
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) said that Delhi and Varanasi were among 14 Indian cities that figured in a global list of the 20 most polluted cities in terms of PM2.5 levels
- Other Indian cities with very high levels of PM2.5 particulates were Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Patna, Lucknow, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
Restrictions on export and import of biofuels
The government imposed restrictions on export of biofuels within days of putting similar conditions for its imports.
- A licence is required for both exports and imports of biofuels.
- Biofuels include ethyl alcohol, petroleum oil and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, biodiesel and mixtures
- Export policy of biofuels is revised from free to restricted as per the national policy on biofuels 2018
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
India’s first Indian human mission- Gaganyaan
India’s first Indian human mission will be launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) by 2022.
- This is the most ambitious space programme undertaken by ISRO till date and is essential as it will give a big boost to the Science and Technology development within the country
- ISRO has developed some critical technologies like re-entry mission capability, crew escape system, crew module configuration, thermal protection system, deceleration and floatation system, sub-systems of life support system etc. required for this programme.
- GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle, which has the necessary payload capability for this mission, will be used to launch Gaganyaan.
- The mission will aim to send a three-member crew to space for a period of five to seven days
The objectives of the Mission:
- Enhancement of science and technology levels in the country
- A national project involving several institutes, academia and industry
- Improvement of industrial growth
- Inspiring youth
- Development of technology for social benefits
- Improving international collaboration
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras
- Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana‘ is a campaign aimed to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses through special kendra‘s known as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra.
- Kendras have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.
- Bureau of Pharma Public Sector Undertakings of India has been established under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, for co-coordinating procurement, supply and marketing of generic drugs through PMBJK
- Earlier, only medicines manufactured by Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSU) were being supplied to Kendra. Later medicines which the CPSU‘s not able to supply are being made from private manufacturers.
- The initiative aims to bring together entire aviation industry to develop a digital ecosystem that will deliver Indian airtravellers a seamless, consistent and paperless service experience at every touch point of their journey
- All aviation stakeholders – airlines, airport operators, security and immigration agencies, cab operators, retail establishment and others are working to devise digital standards which can enable seamless exchange of data and information
- The platform will be built on 4 key pillars such as connected passengers, connected airports, connected flying and connected systems.
Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana
- Ministry of Communication recently launched Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana scheme.
- SPARSH – Scholarship for Promotion of Aptitude & Research in Stamps as a Hobby.
- It is a pan India Scholarship programme to children of Standard VI to IX having good academic record and also pursuing Philately as a hobby.
- The selection would be based on the evaluation of Project work on Philately & performance in Philately Quiz conducted by the Circles.
Topic 5: General Knowledge
Government forms Technology and Innovation Advisory council
The government has scrapped two Scientific Advisory Committees (SAC) for the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, and replaced them with a nine member, Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC).
- Unlike in the earlier SACs, secretaries of various scientific ministries such as education, environment and health would be ‘special invitees’ to the council meetings.
- The PM-STIAC will be chaired by the government’s Principal Scientific Advisor(PSA)
- A separate, dedicated group—involving the Cabinet Secretary and the PSA to focus on driving innovation all the way to commercialisation
- The newly constituted body is expected to act as a high level advisory body to several ministries and execute mission-oriented programmes
- The office of the PSA was earlier led by R. Chidambaram, who played a key role in shaping India’s nuclear programme.
Read more at: The Hindu