August 29,2018

Quiz – August 27,2018
August 29, 2018
Quiz – August 28 th,2018
August 30, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 2 : Environment

India’s most polluted cities : 30% have no clean up plan

A good number of India’s most polluted cities are not too keen to clean up their act, according to a list maintained by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)


  • Of the 102 cities singled out by the Centre for their alarming pollution levels, only 73 have submitted a plan of remedial action to the CPCB.
  • These so called ‘non-attainment cities’ were among those marked out by the CPCB and asked – as part of the National Clean Air Campaign (NCAP) – to implement 42 measures aimed at mitigating air pollution
  • The steps such as implementing control and mitigation measures related to vehicular emissions, re-suspension of road dust and other fugitive emissions, bio-mass, municipal solid waste burning, industrial pollution, and construction and demolition activities.
  • The non-attainment cities are those that have fallen short of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for over five year
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) said that Delhi and Varanasi were among 14 Indian cities that figured in a global list of the 20 most polluted cities in terms of PM2.5 levels
  • Other Indian cities with very high levels of PM2.5 particulates were Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Patna, Lucknow, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Restrictions on export and import  of biofuels

The government imposed restrictions on export of biofuels within days of putting similar conditions for its imports.


  • A licence is required for both exports and imports of biofuels.
  • Biofuels include ethyl alcohol, petroleum oil and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, biodiesel and mixtures
  • Export policy of biofuels is revised from free to restricted as per the national policy on biofuels 2018

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

India’s first Indian human mission- Gaganyaan

India’s first Indian human mission will be launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) by 2022.

Key Facts:

  • This is the most ambitious space programme undertaken by ISRO till date and is essential as it will give a big boost to the Science and Technology development within the country
  • ISRO has developed some critical technologies like re-entry mission capability, crew escape system, crew module configuration, thermal protection system, deceleration and floatation system, sub-systems of life support system etc. required for this programme.
  • GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle, which has the necessary payload capability for this mission, will be used to launch Gaganyaan.
  • The mission will aim to send a three-member crew to space for a period of five to seven days

The objectives of the Mission:

  • Enhancement of science and technology levels in the country
  • A national project involving several institutes, academia and industry
  • Improvement of industrial growth
  • Inspiring youth
  • Development of technology for social benefits
  • Improving international collaboration

Read more at: PIB

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras

  • Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana‘ is a campaign aimed to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses through special kendra‘s known as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra.
  • Kendras have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.
  • Bureau of Pharma Public Sector Undertakings of India has been established under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, for co-coordinating procurement, supply and marketing of generic drugs through PMBJK
  • Earlier, only medicines manufactured by Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSU) were being supplied to Kendra. Later medicines which the CPSU‘s not able to supply are being made from private manufacturers.

Digi Yatra

  • The initiative aims to bring together entire aviation industry to develop a digital ecosystem that will deliver Indian airtravellers a seamless, consistent and paperless service experience at every touch point of their journey
  • All aviation stakeholders – airlines, airport operators, security and immigration agencies, cab operators, retail establishment and others are working to devise digital standards which can enable seamless exchange of data and information
  • The platform will be built on 4 key pillars such as connected passengers, connected airports, connected flying and connected systems.

Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana

  • Ministry of Communication recently launched Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana scheme.
  • SPARSH – Scholarship for Promotion of Aptitude & Research in Stamps as a Hobby.
  • It is a pan India Scholarship programme to children of Standard VI to IX having good academic record and also pursuing Philately as a hobby.
  • The selection would be based on the evaluation of Project work on Philately & performance in Philately Quiz conducted by the Circles.  

Topic 5: General Knowledge

Government  forms  Technology and Innovation Advisory council

The government has scrapped two Scientific Advisory Committees (SAC) for the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, and replaced them with a nine member, Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC).


  • Unlike in the earlier SACs, secretaries of various scientific ministries such as education, environment and health would be ‘special invitees’ to the council meetings.
  • The PM-STIAC will be chaired by the government’s Principal Scientific Advisor(PSA)
  • A separate, dedicated group—involving the Cabinet Secretary and the PSA to focus on driving innovation all the way to commercialisation
  • The newly constituted body is expected to act as a high level advisory body to several ministries and execute mission-oriented programmes
  • The office of the PSA was earlier led by R. Chidambaram, who played a key role in shaping India’s nuclear programme.

Read more at: The Hindu

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