August 28,2018

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August 28, 2018
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August 29, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 2 : Environment

How dams can control floods

To ensure that the flood control purpose of dams is met, it is important that at least 30% of the storage capacity of dams be kept free before the monsoon.

Highlights:

  • Simultaneously allowing discharge of water, it is possible to increase storage slowly as the monsoon progresses.
  • The government and the public to formulate water management policies for reservoirs in such a manner that dams are used to control floods, not cause them.
  • Think of non-conventional sources for electricity generation such as solar, wind and tidal power.
  • To follow good reservoir water management policies
  • The State government, the State Dam Security Authority and the National Water Commission should all be prepared to take bold decisions together on water management

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

India Energy Efficiency Scale-Up Program

The Government of India, the EESL, and the World Bank today signed a $220 million Loan Agreement and a $80 million Guarantee Agreement for the India Energy Efficiency Scale-Up Program.

Highlights:

  • The investments under the programme are expected to avoid lifetime greenhouse gas emissions of 170 million tons of CO2
  • It is one of the several steps being taken by the Government of India to meet its climate change commitments to reduce carbon intensity by 33-35 percent by 2030

The key components:

  • Creating sustainable markets for LED lights
  • Energy efficient ceiling fans
  • Facilitating well-structured and scalable investments in public street lighting
  • Developing sustainable business models for emerging market segments such as super-efficient air conditioning and agricultural water pumping systems
  • Strengthening the institutional capacity of EESL.

Read more at: ET

Online portal for pipelines

The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas launched an online portal for enabling easy, efficient and transparent booking of Common carrier capacity for natural gas transmission services under GAIL’s pipelines.

Highlights:

  • It would be a first step to facilitate gas trading on hub or exchange traded platform in India.
  • The portal is a transparent, market-friendly component in the gas trading system
  • It will enable the new entities to utilize the GAIL’s infrastructure in procuring the gas in a cost-effective manner
  • The portal will act as a milestone in expansion of gas marketing, without human interface, through digital means.
  • The online portal www.gailonline,com is the first of its kind in the natural gas sector of the country, to provide gas consumers the facility to register pipeline capacity bookings online and endeavours to continue the practice of serving on first come-first serve basis.

Read more at: PIB

Jatropha powers India’s first biofuel flight

  • A blend of oil from jatropha seeds and aviation turbine fuel propelled the country’s first-ever bio jet fuel-powered flight on Monday between Dehradun and Delhi
  • The 43-minute flight was operated by SpiceJet’s Bombardier Q-400 aircraft, with 20 officials and five crew members on board.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

CBSE to provide digital certificates to students

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has decided to facilitate and provide digital mark sheets, migration certificates and pass certificates to students from CBSE-affiliated schools in Kerala, whose board exam academic documents have been lost or damaged in the recent floods.

Key facts:

  • CBSE, in technical collaboration with the National e-Governance Division, developed its own digital academic repository called ‘Parinam Manjusha’. This academic repository has been integrated with DigiLocker.
  • The digital academic documents being provided through Parinam Manjusha/ DigiLocker are digitally signed by the Controller of Examinations of CBSE which make them legally valid digital document as per the IT Act
  • These documents are also having QR codes and such documents can be verified for the authenticity using the DigiLocker mobile app.

About DigiLocker:

  • DigiLocker is a “digital locker” service operated by the Government of India that enables Indian citizens to store certain official documents on the cloud.
  • The service is aimed towards reducing the need to carry physical documents, and is part of the government’s Digital India initiative.
  • 1 GB of storage space is offered to users to store identification card issued by government agencies, education certificates, PAN cards, driving license, vehicle ownership documents and some other documents.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana

  • It is to promote organic farming and the products will be linked with the market.
  • It will be implemented in a cluster based approach and farmers will be funded to meet the expenditure from farm to market.
  • There is no liability for farmers for expenditure on certification.

e-RaKAM

  • e-Rashtriya Kisan Agri Mandi (E-RaKAM) is a digital platform portal enables farmers to sell their agricultural products through auction.
  • Various E-Rakam centers are being developed to facilitate farmers for online sale their products across the country.
  • The farmers would get the payment for their products directly into their bank accounts without any intermediaries.
  • CWRC, a subsidiary of the Central Warehousing Corporation Ltd, will provide logistics support for sellers and buyers in case they need it.

Topic 5: General Knowledge

Indus water treaty talks to begin

  • India and Pakistan will resume their talks on various aspects of the Indus Waters Treaty in Lahore.
  • To discuss ways and means for the timely and smooth sharing of hydrological data on shared rivers.
  • To finalise the schedule of future meetings of the Permanent Indus Commission and visits of the teams of the Indus commissioners.

About Treaty:

  • The 1960 Indus Waters Treaty, brokered by the World Bank
  • It was signed by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and former Pakistan President Ayub Khan
  • To administers the waters of the Indus River and its tributaries that flow in both the countries will be utilised.

Pak.’s objections:

  • The objections over two water-storage and hydroelectric projects being built by India during the talks.
  • Pakistan would raise its concerns over the 1000-MW Pakal Dul and the 48-MW Lower Kalnai hydroelectric projects on the Chenab river.

Read more at: The Hindu

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