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Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

It is an outcome based skill certification scheme implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

Highlights:

  • The objective is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood
  • Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
  • Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
  • The Various components are short term training, recognition of prior learning, special projects, kaushal and rozgarmela, placement guidelines and monitoring guidelines.

Read more at:PIB

Mental Healthcare Act

For the first time in India, universal mental health care is now a justiciable right following the enforcement of the Mental Healthcare Act (MHCA), 2017.

Key Facts:

  • It mandates the government to provide accessible, affordable, acceptable and high quality mental health care by integrating mental health-care services at each level of the public health system
  • Establishing mental health facilities in proportion to the population in each State
  • Providing free mental health-care to socio-economically deprived sections of the population.
  • The government is duty-bound to design and implement mental health promotion and preventive programmes to create awareness about the MHCA using public media.
  • It is for the first time that the law has recognised the right to access health care for citizens — and specifically for mental health.

A road map:

  • The government will have to make appropriate budgetary provisions to plug existing infrastructure gaps.
  • State governments will have to immediately set up and ensure the functioning of State mental health authorities and mental health review boards.
  • Implementation of the MHCA with coordinated efforts on the part of all stakeholders with an interest in mental health care.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

BIS to set standards for the services sector

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has started the process to set new standards to measure quality of services offered to consumers across different sectors, including telecom, aviation, e-commerce and healthcare.

Key Facts:

  • The BIS pointed out that the initial focus will be the 12 champion services sectors identified by the government.
  • These include IT, tourism and hospitality, transport and logistics, accounting and finance services, legal services, communication services and construction

About BIS:

  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Government of India
  • The Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department having administrative control of the BIS is the ex-officio President of the BIS.
  • The BIS, which sets the quality regulations for various products from gold to bottled water

Read more at: The Hindu

Green process cuts water use, pollution in textile industry

A completely green method developed by researchers from the University of Calicut, Kerala, can potentially do away with using water for sizing and desizing cotton and polyster yarn in Textile industry.

Highlights:

  • By using liquid and supercritical carbon dioxide instead of water, and sucrose octaacetate in place of starch made the sizing and desizing process eco-friendly.
  • Sizing removes or smoothens the projecting microfibres that might interfere with the weaving process.
  • The yarn after sizing has to be dried when water is used, making the entire process energy-intensive
  • The yarn (in the fabric) becomes dry almost instantaneously when the pressure of carbon dioxide is reduced to gas phase pressure after desizing

Benefits:

  • Zero-pollution
  • Zero-waste as both carbon dioxide and the sizing agent
  • The cane sugar, can be recycled endlessly
  • Minimize water wastage

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

The Urban Commute related pollution

A report, titled ‘The Urban Commute and How it Contributes to Pollution and Energy’, compiled by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), has been released.

Highlights:

  • The report is an analysis of 14 cities in India on how they fare when it comes to pollution and energy consumption from urban commuting.
  • Kolkata is the top-performing megacity.
  • Bhopal leads the list on the lowest overall emissions.
  • Delhi and Hyderabad are the two cities that fare at the bottom of the table in terms of pollution and energy use.
  • In terms of overall emissions and energy consumption, Bhopal was followed by Vijayawada, Chandigarh and Lucknow.
  • Ahmedabad and Pune ranked below Kolkata for overall emissions.
  • According to the report, though metropolitan cities scored better than megacities due to lower population, lower travel volume and lower vehicle numbers, they were at risk due to a much higher share of personal vehicle trips.

The study took two approaches :

  1. The overall emission and energy consumption
  2. Per person trip emissions and energy consumption.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra

  • India’s first Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) for Skilling in Smart Cities was recently launched
  • It was established by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), in collaboration with New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC).
  • It aims to provide skill training for unemployed youth through its short-term training (STT) module and contribute to the capacity building of municipal employees through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) program.
  • It signifies integration and convergence approach towards the Skill India Mission and the Smart City Mission.

Jal mani Programme

  • This programme is launched to provide value and quality addition to the ongoing Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme to mainly address the water quality in rural areas.
  • It involves installation of Stand Alone Purification System in rural Schools
  • It is implemented by the State Governments through the Gram Panchayat/Village Water and Sanitation Committees/Self Help Groups.

Gold Monetisation Scheme

  • It is a gold savings account which will earn interest for the gold that you deposit in it.
  • Deposited gold can be in any physical form – jewellery, coins or bars
  • The tenure of gold deposits is likely to be for a minimum of one year.
  • The long-term objective is to reduce the country’s reliance on the import of gold to meet domestic demand.
  • The scheme will also help in mobilizing the large amount of gold lying as an idle asset with households.

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