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Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED)

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) is a national-level apex organization functioning, since 1987, under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India.

Highlights:

  • To  promote the economic development of the Tribal communities of the country through marketing development and sustained upgradation of their skills and products.
  • The approach involves capacity building, imparting need-based trainings, exploring marketing possibilities for products in national as well as international markets, brand building & creating opportunities for marketing on sustainable basis
  • To bring about a multi-dimensional transformation of the tribal society and a shift in the perception of their existing image

Read more at: PIB

India Wage Report

The International Labour Organization warned India about  low pay and wage inequality in its its India Wage Report.

Key Facts:

  • In 2011-12, the average wage in India was about Rs. 247 rupees a day, almost double the 1993-94 figure of Rs. 128.
  • An average labour productivity (as measured by GDP per worker) increased more rapidly than real average wages.
  • India’s labour share  or the proportion of national income which goes into labour compensation, as opposed to capital or landowners  has declined.

Suggestions:

  • To combat persistent low pay in some sectors
  • To bridge the wage gaps between rural and urban, male and female, and regular and casual workers.
  • Stronger implementation of minimum wage laws
  • Strengthening of the frameworks for collective bargaining by workers

About ILO:

  • The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
  • It Headquartered at Geneva,  Switzerland
  • The ILO has 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO.
  • It registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules; however, it does not impose sanctions on government

Read more at: Th Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

UDAN International

The Ministry of Civil Aviation has prepared a draft scheme document for “UDAN International” and invited comments from stakeholders.

Highlights:

  • The scheme is designed for State governments that are keen to promote air connectivity on international routes identified by them
  • Offering subsidy to domestic airlines for a period of three years
  • The airlines will bid on the percentage of flight capacity for which they require financial assistance, provided that the figure doesn’t exceed 60% of the flight capacity
  • The entity that quotes the lowest amount will be awarded subsidy for a particular route.
  • The key difference between this scheme and the regional connectivity scheme (RCS) for domestic routes is that there is no capping of fares

About UDAN:

  • UDAN-RCS, UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) is a regional airport development and “Regional Connectivity Scheme” (RCS) of Government of India.
  • The objective is “Let the common citizen of the country fly”
  • It aimed at making air travel affordable and widespread, to boost inclusive national economic development, job growth and air transport infrastructure development of all regions and states of India

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Centre rules out total ban on firecrackers

The Centre on  ruled out a national ban on firecrackers and suggested the production of “green crackers”, community cracker bursting in major cities.

Key Facts:

  • Freeze on the production of series crackers or laris as alternative measures to curb pollution during Diwali.
  • The crackers could even be burst in areas pre-designated by the State governments.
  • It aims to deal with the pollution problem

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

TAPI pipeline

India has sought re-negotiation of the natural gas price it is to source through a proposed $10 billion Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline.

Highlights:

  • The four nations to the pipeline projects had in 2013 signed a gas sale purchase agreement that benchmarked the price of natural gas that Turkmenistan is to export at 55 per cent of the prevailing crude oil price
  • The project has not moved forward because of unresolved issues like the economic viability of the project, security of supply and tie-up of debt and equity.
  • Turkmenistan’s Turkmengas has been appointed as the consortium leader.
  • State gas utility GAIL India Ltd represents India on the consortium.
  • The gas will be sourced from the Yoloten Usman field, which ranks amongst the five biggest fields in the world

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Clamp down the spread on “sinister” messages

The Union government asked the instant messaging platform WhatsApp to implement measures to clamp down on the spread on “sinister” messages. Sinister means threatening or portending evil, harm, or trouble.

Suggested Measures:

  • To set up a local corporate entity;
  • Appoint a grievance officer in India
  • Find a solution to trace the origin of a fake message.
  • To comply with Indian laws

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

HRIDAY

  • National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) is focused on holistic development of heritage cities.
  • The main objective of HRIDAY is to preserve character of the soul of heritage city and facilitate inclusive heritage linked urban development in partnership with State Government
  • The duration of HRIDAY schemes would be Four Years starting from December 2014 (i.e. Till December 2018)
  • It is a central sector scheme with 100 percent funding coming from Central Government.
  • The scheme will broadly focus on four theme areas
  1. Physical Infrastructure
  2. Institutional Infrastructure
  3. Economic Infrastructure
  4. Social Infrastructure
  • The projects can be funded directly or through support from other stakeholders including private sector.
  • Coverage (12 Cities) – Ajmer, Amravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura,Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni, Warangal.
  • The Scheme supports development of core heritage infrastructure projects that include revitalization of urban infrastructure for areas around heritage assets

Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra

  • The objective of this new scheme is to empower rural women through community participation
  • Improving the child sex ratio, survival of new born girl child, girl education and empower them through several initiatives are the main motives.
  • Under the scheme, community engagement through student volunteers is envisioned in the backward districts at block level.
  • Student volunteers will help in awareness generation regarding various important government programmes as well as social issues.
  • It will be implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development under umbrella mission for ―Protection and Empowerment for Women‖ for the duration of 2017-18 to 2019-20.

Topic 5: General Knowledge

SC scraps NOTA option for RS polls

The Supreme Court scrapped the use of NOTA (none of the above) option for Rajya Sabha polls.

Court Obervations

  • NOTA will not be applicable to elections held by the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote as done in the Rajya Sabha.
  • It encourages corruption in RS polls
  • It may leads to defection

About NOTA:

  • None of the above or NOTA is a ballot option in some jurisdictions or organizations, designed to allow the voter to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in a voting system.
  • It is based on the principle that consent requires the ability to withhold consent in an election.

Proportional Representation and STV

  • Members of a state’s legislative assembly vote in the Rajya Sabha elections in what is called the proportional representation with the single transferable vote (STV) system.
  • In STV, each voter ranks the list of candidates in order of preference. In the ballot paper, they place a ‘1’ beside their most preferred candidate, a ‘2’ beside their second most preferred, and so on.
  • If the first choice candidate has enough votes already or no chance of being elected, the vote is transferred to the second choice and so on.
  • Proportional representation characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
  • If n% of the electorate support a particular political party, then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party.

Read more at: The Hindu

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