August 21,2018

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Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

RCEP

Negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, among 16 Asian and Pacific Ocean countries, have entered a decisive phase

Member countries:

The ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six Asia-Pacific states with which ASEAN has existing free trade agreements (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand)

India concerns:

  • The greater access Chinese goods will get to the Indian market
  • The demands by other RCEP countries for lower customs duties on a number of products and greater access to the market than India is willing to provide.
  • The more developed RCEP countries such as Australia and Singapore have been unwilling to accommodate India’s demands to liberalise their services regime and allow freer mobility of Indian workers.

India’s efforts:

A group of four ministers to advise Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the path to discuss and address the concerns.

Read more at: The Hindu

Public credit registry (PCR)

The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, may need to be amended to facilitate the setting of a public credit registry (PCR)

Highlights:

  • The PCR is planned as an extensive database of credit information for all credit products in the country from point of origination of credit to its termination
  • The main benefit would be to provide lenders with a 360 degree view of the borrower’s outstanding credits and past performance
  • It would allow better screening at the time of providing credit and superior monitoring during the life of the borrowing.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Social development

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English) is a campaign in India

Highlights:

  • To accomplish the vision of a clean India by 2019, on the 150th birth anniversary of Gandhi.
  • A nationwide initiative aimed to inspire the public to voluntarily clean public spaces as a service to the nation.
  • The mission will also contribute to India reaching Sustainable Development Goal Number 6 (SDG 6).

Concerns of the abhiyan:

  • The scavengers are forced into the profession by their caste.
  • The sanitation is now largely an extension of visual aesthetics than stopping the spread of disease
  • It  hardly addresses a reworking of the underground sewerage system.
  • It burdens the contractual labourers with cleaning of public places.
  • India, waste carries the stigma that is attached to pollution and caste
  • It enables a disjunction between the cleaning and disposing of waste

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Swayam learning portal

SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active–Learning for Young Aspiring Minds) is a programme initiated by Government of India and designed to achieve the three cardinal principles of Education Policy viz., access, equity and quality.

Key Facts:

  • To take the best teaching learning resources to all, including the most disadvantaged.
  • To bridge the digital divide for students who have hitherto remained untouched by the digital revolution and have not been able to join the mainstream of the knowledge economy
  • It  indigenously developed by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) with the help of Microsoft
  • All the courses are interactive, prepared by the best teachers in the country and are available, free of cost to the residents in India.

Read more at: PIB

Data localisation

U.S trade groups, representing companies such as Amazon, American Express and Microsoft, have opposed India’s push to store data locally.

  • In the Indian market, these companies currently have limited data storage.

About Data Localization:

  • It is an the act of storing data on any device that is physically present within the borders of a specific country where the data was generated.
  • The  Free flow of digital data, especially data which could impact government operations or operations in a region, is restricted by some governments

Concerns:

  • It could lead to increased government demands for data access.
  • The mandate would hurt Technology firms  planned investments by raising costs related to setting up new local data centres.

Benefits:

  • The  use of digital platforms in India have made it a lucrative market for technology companies
  • India’s national security
  • For accelerating the nation’s economic growth

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana

  • It is launched for the holistic development and welfare of tribal population in India by plugging the infrastructure gaps and lags in human development indices
  • The scheme focuses on
  1. Provision for a better standard of living and quality of life
  2. Improving access to and quality of education
  3. Generating resources for long-term and sustainable growth
  4. Bridging infrastructural gaps
  5. Protection of tribal culture and heritage

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

  • The focus of the Mission is on infrastructure creation that has a direct link to provision of better services to the citizens.
  • It ensures that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water  and a sewerage connection
  • It proposes to increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open and reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities.
  • 500 cities will be covered under the Scheme
  1. All Cities and Towns with a population of over 1 lakh with notified Municipalities, including Cantonment Boards (Civilian areas),
  2. All Capital Cities/Towns of States/ UTs, not covered in above,
  3. All Cities/ Towns classified as Heritage Cities by MoUD under the HRIDAY Scheme,
  4. Thirteen Cities and Towns on the stem of the main rivers with a population above 75,000 and less than 1 lakh, and
  5. Ten Cities from hill states, islands and tourist destinations (not more than one from each State).
  • This scheme is a new avatar of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
  • Unlike JNNURM, AMRUT will not appraise individual projects and appraise only State Annual Action plans
  • It is a centrally Sponsored Scheme and funds will be allocated to states and Union territories.   
  • The states will transfer funds to Urban Local Bodies within 7 days of transfer by central government and no diversion of funds.
  • Central assistance will be to the extent of 50% of project cost for cities and towns with a population of up to 10 lakhs and one-third of the project cost for those with a population of above 10 lakhs

Topic 5: General Knowledge

Cyclone Warning Centre

The Union Ministry of Earth Sciences is proposing to set up a Cyclone Warning Centre in Thiruvananthapuram.

Highlights:

  • IMD has cyclone warning centres only at Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar, Kolkata, Ahmedabad and Mumbai.
  • The new centre  will cater to the needs of Kerala and Karnataka states and will be equipped with all state of the art infrastructure
  • It will further strengthen the present forecasting activity in India Meteorological Department’s existing office in Kerala.

C-Band Doppler Weather Radar:

  • The Ministry is also planning to set up another C-Band Doppler Weather Radar at Mangalore by end of 2019
  • It will be covered for monitoring of rainfall and severe weather events, and adequately warn the people well in advance.

About Doppler Weather Radar:

  • Weather Radars are the basic and most important tool for a Meteorologist for Nowcasting and Forecasting of various severe weather events
  • Weather radars detect the motion of rain droplets in addition to the intensity of the precipitation. Data is analyzed to determine the structure of storms, wind pattern and their potential to cause severe weather.
  • It is used to locate precipitation, calculate its motion, and estimate its type (rain, snow, hail etc.

Read more at: PIB

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