August 19,2018

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August 17, 2018
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August 20, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Industrial development

New gold micro crystallites

Researchers from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bengaluru, have developed a new type of gold in the form of very small crystals — microcystallites.

Highlights:

  • The microcrystal gold has been found to be nobler than gold
  • It do not dissolve in mercury and Aqua regia (a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid), and showed the least interaction with copper.
  • The microcystallites were synthesised by decomposing an organic complex containing gold and other ions under controlled conditions.
  • Normal gold has a (face-centered) cubic structure, while the new ones exhibit deformed cubic structure — tetragonal and orthorhombic cells.

Read more at: The Hindu

International Conference on Recent Advances in Food Processing Technology (iCRAFPT)

International Conference on Recent Advances in Food Processing Technology (iCRAFPT) 2018 is being held at Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology, Thanjavur in Tamilnadu.

Key Facts:

  • The Theme of the conference is Doubling farmers’ income through food processing.
  • This conference will be a valuable and important platform for inspiring international and interdisciplinary exchange at the forefront of food research
  • The internationally renowned speakers will share their research experiences in the areas of advances in food engineering and its industrial applications, food product development, food biotechnology, nano foods.

The key challenges of  Food Processing sector in India:

  • Poor supply chain linkages
  • Infrastructure bottlenecks
  • Lack of skilled manpower
  • Low adherence to quality standards

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

A division to boost conservation efficiency

Assam’s Environment and Forest Department issued a notification saying the Kaziranga National Park (KNP) had been split into two divisions  the existing Eastern Assam Wildlife and the new Biswanath Wildlife for  intensive wildlife management.

Highlights:

  • The Brahmaputra separates the two divisions straddling a total area of 1,030 sq.km.
  • Kaziranga had an area of only 232 sq.m when it began its journey as a proposed reserve forest on June 1, 1905.
  • Biswanath Wildlife Division, with headquarters at Biswanath Chariali in northeastern Assam, will entail relocating the Central Assam Afforestation Division at Hojai 160 km away
  • The afforestation division has been renamed a wildlife division.

The Kaziranga National Park:

  • According to the last rhino census in March, the KNP has an estimated 2,413 rhinos
  • The park also has 57% of the world’s wild water buffalo population
  • One of the largest groups of Asian elephants and 21 Royal Bengal tigers per 100 sq.km

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

UIDAI’s additional mode of authentication.

Aadhaar-issuing body UIDAI has finally announced the phased roll-out of face recognition feature as an additional mode of authentication, starting with telecom service providers from September 15.

Highlights:

  • It has also proposed a monetary disincentive for telcos found slipping on the prescribed targets from the middle of next month.
  • UIDAI said specific instructions will be issued on the implementation of face authentication feature
  • UIDAI has further said ‘live face photo’ capture and its verification with the photo obtained in eKYC will be essential in those cases where Aadhaar is used for issuance of mobile SIMs.
  • It aimed at curbing the possibility of fingerprint spoofing or cloning, and seeks to tighten the audit process and security around the issuance and activation of mobile SIMs.

About UIDAI:

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 (“Aadhaar Act 2016”) on 12 July 2016 by the Government of India
  • It is under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

A Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industry & Entrepreneurship (ASPIRE)

  • The scheme is launched with an objective to set up a network of technology centers, incubation centres to accelerate entrepreneurship and also to promote start-ups for innovation and entrepreneurship in rural and agriculture based industry
  • The planned outcomes of ASPIRE are setting up Technology Business Incubators (TBI), Livelihood Business Incubators (LBI) and creation of a Fund of Funds for such initiatives with SIDBI.

PAHAL

  • Direct Benefit Transfer for LPG consumer (DBTL) scheme called, `PAHAL‘ aims to reduce leakageof subsidy, reduce intermediariesand eliminate duplicate LPG connections by introducing direct cash transfer of subsidies.
  • LPG consumers, who join the scheme, will get the LPG cylinders at market price and receive the subsidy directly into their bank accounts.  
  • The scheme required the consumer to mandatorily have a bank account linked with Aadhaar number for availing LPG Subsidy
  • If they do not possess Aadhaar number, they will have to link their bank account directly with their 17 digit LPG ID.

SAKSHAM – 2018

  • Saksham is a month long awareness programme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
  • It is aimed to create awareness towards judicious utilization and conservation of petroleum products and switching to cleaner fuels.
  • It is organized by PCRA- Petroleum Conservation Research Association and other oil & gas PSU‘s under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

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