August 17,2018

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Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

NPCI unveils ‘more secure’ UPI with overdraft facility

The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has upgraded the unified payments interface (UPI) with enhanced security features and overdraft facilities.

Highlights:

  • UPI is a path-breaking innovation that is unprecedented globally.
  • Its high volume, low cost and highly scalable architecture built on an open source platform is key to India’s transformation to a digital payment economy
  • In addition to current and savings accounts, customers can link their overdraft account to UPI
  • For ensuring adequate importance to cybersecurity

About UPI:

  • Unified Payments Interface (UPI) is an instant real-time payment system developed by National Payments Corporation of India facilitating inter-bank transactions.
  • The interface is regulated by the Reserve Bank of India and works by instantly transferring funds between two bank accounts on a mobile platform

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

International Year of Millets

The Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare has written to the Director General, United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) and proposed the declaration of an upcoming year as “International Year of Millets”.

Highlights:

  • India is celebrating 2018 as the National Year of Millets
  • It is promoting cultivation by amending cropping pattern of areas which are especially susceptible to climate change
  • Millets are highly nutritious and useful in various lifestyle diseases, enhancing resilience and risk management in face of climate change especially for small and marginal farmers.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Odisha to showcase its biodiversity

The Odisha government is setting up a world-class interpretation centre at Dangamal near Bhitarkanika National Park to showcase its efforts in protecting crocodiles and preserving its rich mangrove diversity.

Highlights:

  • The project, which has been approved under the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project
  • To develop the centre both as a tourist attraction and a place for students to learn about the environment.

About Bhitarkanika:

  • Bhitarkanika, one of the State’s finest biodiversity hotspots, receives close to one lakh visitors every year.
  • The park is famous for its green mangroves, migratory birds, turtles, estuarine crocodiles and countless creeks.
  • It is said to house 70% of the country’s estuarine or saltwater crocodiles

Read more at: The Hindu

IHUWASH initiative

IHUWASH is a collaborative initiative of the the National Institute of Urban Affairs, Taru Leading Edge, IRC, and Ennovent.

Highlights:

  • The Innovation Hub for Urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Solutions in India (IHUWASH) will look for innovative solutions, adopt eco-friendly technology, and rope in institutions, entrepreneurs and experts and the community.
  • The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is also supporting the initiative.
  • Mysuru will emerge as an ‘innovation hub’, along with Faridabad in Haryana and Udaipur in Rajasthan, where sustainable solutions on water, sanitation and hygiene will be adopted and implemented.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Saubhagya scheme

The Saubhagya Scheme or Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana is an Indian government project to provide electricity to all households.

Key Facts:

  • The project was announced in September 2017
  • It the aim to complete the electrification process by December 2018
  • Certain households identified via the Socio-economic and Caste Census (SECC) of 2011 will be eligible for free electricity connections, while others will be charged 500 Rs
  • The beneficiary household will get five LED lights, one AC fan, one AC power plug.
  • It also includes the Repair and Maintenance (R&M) for 5 years.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Smart parking  initiative

The Vijayawada Municipal Corporation is all set to launch the long-awaited “smart parking” initiative.

Key Facts:

  • The initiative enables any mobile user on the move to check for availability of space offered by the civic body.
  • The app “Parkinslot” could be downloaded from Android and iOS application stores
  • The smartphone application shows real-time availability of space close to the user’s location.
  • Users need to pay and book a slot on the application which would later provide navigation service
  • Other motorists who directly arrive at the parking lot can pay in cash or through payment apps
  • The real-time space availability is updated via IoT-enabled sensors placed on the surface of each parking space

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Diksha Portal

  • Ministry of HRD and National Council for Teacher Education collaborated to build Diksha portal.
  • DIKSHA will serve as National Digital Infrastructure for Teachers.   
  • It will enable all teachers across nation to be equipped with advanced digital technology.
  • It will aid teachers to learn and train themselves for which assessment resources will be available
  • It will help teachers to create training content, profile, in-class resources, assessment aids, news and announcement and connect with teacher community.
  • States, government bodies and even private organisations, can integrate DIKSHA into their respective teacher initiatives.

Swavalamban Scheme

  • Under the scheme, GOI will contribute Rs.1000 per year to each Nation Pension Scheme- Swavalamban account opened in the year 2010-2013 for five years
  • The scheme is voluntary and open to eligible citizens in the age group of 18-60 years.
  • Eligible individuals in the unorganized sector can open an account through their Aggregator and get an Individual subscriber Account.
  • The account is regulated by Pension Fund Regulatory Development Authorities (PFRDA).
  • There is no minimum amount required per annum or per contribution and subscriber is free to choose the amount he/she wants to invest every year.
  • Subscriber should not be covered under any other social security schemes like Employees‘ Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provision Act, The Coal Mines Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provision Act etc.
  • The existing subscribers of Swavalamban Scheme would be automatically migrated to APY, unless they opt out.

Topic 5: General Knowledge

Test land for LIGO

The Environment Ministry has allowed scientists to test the suitability of land in Maharashtra’s Hingoli district to host the India wing of the ambitious Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) project

About LIGO:

  • The project involves constructing a network of L-shaped arms, each four kilometres long, which can detect even the faintest ripples from cosmic explosions millions of light years away.
  • The LIGO project operates three gravitational-wave (GW) detectors. Two are at Hanford in the State of Washington, north-western USA, and one is at Livingston in Louisiana, south-eastern USA.
  • The proposed LIGO-India project aims to move one Advanced LIGO detector from Hanford to India.
  • The LIGO-India project is an international collaboration between the LIGO Laboratory and three lead institutions in the LIGO-India consortium: Institute of Plasma Research, Gandhinagar; IUCAA, Pune; and Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore
  • The LIGO lab would provide the complete design and all the key detector components.
  • Indian scientists would provide the infrastructure to install the detector and it would be operated jointly by LIGO-India and the LIGO-Lab.
  • The project, piloted by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and Department of Science and Technology (DST)

Read more at: The Hindu

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