August 14,2018

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August 13, 2018
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August 14, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Finance ministry defers safeguard duty on solar cells

The finance ministry said that safeguard duty will not be insisted upon on import of solar cells for the “time being” in deference to interim directions passed by the High Court of Orissa.

Background:

  • India had imposed safeguard duty on solar cells imports from China and Malaysia for two years to protect domestic players from steep rise in inbound shipments.
  • Imports of the cells from these countries account for more than 90 per cent of the total inbound shipments in the country.
  • The move is aimed at helping domestic solar cell manufacturing sector
  • India is targeting to 100 gigawatt (GW) solar capacity by 2022.

About safeguard duty:

  • The safeguard duty is tariff barrier imposed by government on the commodities to ensure that imports in excessive quantities do not harm the domestic industry.
  • It is temporary measure undertaken by government in defence of the domestic industry which is harmed or has potential threat getting hard due to  sudden cheap surge in imports.

Read more at: ET

Topic 1:Social development

Ease of Living Index

The first Ease of Living Index brought out by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Highlights:

  • Three cities in Maharashtra  Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai top the Index
  • New Delhi is ranked 65 among 111 cities
  • The three cities at the bottom of the rankings are Rampur, Kohima and Patna.

About Index:

  • The Ease of Living Index is structured according to four pillars  institutional, social, economic and physical
  • The index captures the breadth of the quality of life in cities across four pillars and 15 categories using 78 indicators, of which 56 are core indicators and 22 are supporting indicators.
  • The core indicators measure those aspects of ease of living which are considered essential urban services
  • The supporting indicators are used to measure the adoption of innovative practices which are considered desirable for enhancing ease of living

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

India’s first electric vehicles charging corridor

Renewable energy service company Magenta Power announced it will set up India’s first electric vehicles charging Corridor called ChargeIn at Mumbai-Pune Expressway

Highlights:

  • The corridor will be a network of EV charging stations
  • ChargeIn will be a fully integrated network of charging points including AC and DC chargers.
  • All the ChargeIn points will be connected via network for central monitoring and control
  • It will provide a unique employment opportunity for charging station owners who can man and support the stations

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Iris Scan Authentication feature for Aadhaar-based transactions

Axis Bank has become the first bank in the country to introduce Iris Scan Authentication feature for Aadhaar-based transactions through its micro ATM tablets.

Highlights:

  • The bank has deployed highly secure iris powered micro ATM tablets which are STQC certified and UIDAI compliant registered devices with completely integrated iris sensors.
  • Micro ATMs completely eliminate the requirement of debit cards, passwords, PINs, and user IDs
  • Empower consumers to avail banking services using only their Aadhaar numbers and biometrics (iris scan/fingerprint scan).
  • It will boost the bank’s financial inclusion efforts by making Aadhaar authentication process hassle-free
  • It enables easier access to digital banking for consumers especially in the rural parts of the country.

Iris technology:

  • Iris scan technology is completely contactless and provides up to 98.2% authentication success rate (as per study conducted by the International Centre for Biometric Research)
  • It offers an edge over other prevalent biometric modes.

About Micro ATM:

  • Micro ATM is a mini version of an ATM.
  • Micro ATMs are like modified point of sales terminals this terminal can connect to banking network via GPRS to perform banking transactions.
  • This machine contains card swipe facility and fingerprint scanner.
  • These machines are carried by bank representative at remote/mobile locations

Read more at: The Hindu

The Parker Solar Probe

NASA has launched the Parker Solar Probe  the space agency’s first mission to the sun  that will explore the sun’s atmosphere and its outermost atmosphere, the corona.

Highlights:

  • The mission will revolutionize our understanding of the sun, where changing conditions can propagate out into the solar system, affecting Earth and other worlds.
  • It will travel through the sun’s atmosphere, closer to the surface than any spacecraft before it, facing brutal heat and radiation conditions
  • The mains aims mission are to trace how energy and heat move through the solar corona and to explore what accelerates the solar wind as well as solar energetic particles.
  • NASA has billed the mission as the first spacecraft to “touch the Sun.”
  • The probe is guarded by an ultra-powerful heat shield that can endure unprecedented levels of heat, and radiation.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

DARPAN

  • Ministry of Communication launched ―DARPAN – Digital Advancement of Rural Post Office for A New India.
  • The project aimed at realizing financial inclusion of un-banked rural population.
  • It is IT modernization project which intends to provide a low power technology solution to each branch postmaster to improve service delivery.
  • DARPAN offers core banking services such as cash deposit and withdrawal in savings bank and recurring deposit, mini statement, Aadhaar seeding and daily transaction report.
  • The application will also be used for the reimbursement of social security benefits such as MNREGS, old age pension and DBT.
  • It is targeted to complete the project by March 2018.

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  • It is the new scheme to make rural households digitally literate by 2019.
  • This scheme is initiated under Digital India Programme and expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programs in the world.
  • It would empower the citizens by providing them access to information, knowledge and skills for operating computers/digital access devices.

Project Shaksham

  • The project is for creation of a New Indirect Tax Network (System Integration) of the Central Board of Excise and Customs
  • The project will help in:
  1. Implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST)
  2. Extension of the Indian Customs Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade (SWIFT)
  3. Other taxpayer-friendly initiatives under Digital India and Ease of Doing Business of Central Board of Excise and Customs
  • It is to ensure readiness of CBEC’s IT systems by April, 1, 2017, when GST is to be introduced.

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