August 13, 2018

Quiz – August 9&10 ,2018
August 13, 2018
Quiz – August 11&12, 2018
August 13, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 2 : Environment

Environment Ministry rejects low score on green health

The Union Environment Ministry has dismissed as “arbitrary” and “unscientific” a 2017 World Economic Forum-ranking that placed India at the bottom in terms of environment performance.

Background:

  • The report ranked India 177 out of 180 countries on the Environmental Performance Index 2018.
  • India’s low ranking — 177 among 180 countries — was linked to poor performance in the environment health policy and deaths due to air pollution categories
  • India had plummeted 36 points from 141 in the 2016 edition of the report, prepared by Yale and Columbia Universities along with the WEF.

Weightages:

The Weightages given to the parameters at the three hierarchical levels in the report.

  1. policy objectives
  2. Issue categories and
  3. Indicators

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Power grid Digitalisation

The digital transformation heralds multiple benefits for all players in the power ecosystem.

Benefits:

  • To enhance grid reliability through access to real time information and remote management.
  • The utilities stand to increase savings through operational efficiency and earn income through new revenue streams
  • It transforms the grid from uni-directional to multi-directional
  • Enabling distributed generation and encouraging the integration and consumption of renewable energy.
  • The transparency across the value chain
  • The access to actionable intelligence.
  • More information is now available on assets, behavior, and demand
  • The  information can be leveraged to create value for everyone.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

ISRO set to launch its TV channel

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation is planning to roll out a dedicated ISRO TV channel.
  • The TV channel showcasing space applications, developments and science issues, targeting young viewers and people in remote areas in their language.

Read more at:The Hindu

Small launcher will have a big impact

The SSLV (small satellite launch vehicle) is being developed at ISRO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre

Highlights:

  • The SSLV will be an on-demand rocket for small satellites weighing about 500-700 kg.
  • It will be autonomous and highly intelligent, versatile
  • It is capable of adapting to different launch situations and requirements.
  • Its first test launch is planned for mid-2019.

Read more at: The Hindu

The licence amendment to implement net neutrality

DoT issues direction for licence amendment to implement net neutrality.

Highlights:

  • The Internet access services need to be governed by a principle that restricts any form of discrimination, restriction or interference in the treatment of content, including practices like blocking, degrading, slowing down or granting preferential speeds of treatment to any content
  • The critical internet of things services, which shall be identified by DoT, to be excluded from the restrictions of net neutrality.

The new amendment:

  • A telecom licence holder providing internet access service shall “not engage in any discriminatory treatment of content, including based on sender or receiver, the protocols being used in or the user equipment
  • The amendment prohibits from entering into any arrangement, agreement or contract “by whatever name called, with any person, natural or legal that has the effect of discriminatory treatment of content”
  • The amendments will include specific points around principle of non-discriminatory treatment, definition of specialised services and reasonable traffic management and other exceptions.
  • The monitoring and enforcement functions with respect to net neutrality will rest with DoT
  • The DoT has to set up a multi-stakeholder body for monitoring and enforcement of net neutrality comprising government representatives, IoT providers, telecom operators, civil society members and consumer organisations

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana

  • It is a direct market intervention scheme of the Department of Pharmaceuticals.
  • Its objective is to make available quality generic medicines at affordable prices to all, especially the poor, throughout the country, through outlets known as Jan Aushadhi Stores (JASs).
  • It also encourages doctors to prescribe generic medicines and reduces unit cost of treatment per person.
  • The State Governments are required to provide space in Government Hospital premises or any other suitable locations for the running of the JAS.
  • Any Civil Society with experience of minimum 3 years of successful operation in welfare activities can also open the JAS outside the hospital premises.
  • Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementing agency which will provide one-time assistance in furnishing and establishment costs of the outlet.
  • It is a self-sustaining business model not dependent on continuous government subsidies or assistance.

Bharat Net

  • It is an ambitious programme to provide network infrastructure with affordable broadband connectivity on a non-discriminatory basis to all households in the country.   
  • It aimed to realize the vision of Digital India, in partnership with States and the Private Sector.
  • The programme was previously called as the National Optical Fibre Network, approved in October 2011.
  • It is implemented in three phases
  1. First phase  – providing broadband connectivity to one lakh gram panchayats by 2017
  2. Second Phase – providing broadband connectivity to 2 lakh gram panchayats by 2019
  3. Third Phase – providing state-of-art network using fibers between districts and block with reduced redundancy by 2023
  • Implementation will be done by the states, state agencies, private sector companies and central public sector undertakings
  • All the Service Providers like Telecom Service Providers (TSPs), ISPs, Cable TV operators etc. will be given non-discriminatory access to the National Optic Fibre Network and can launch various services in rural areas.
  • It is funded from Universal Service Obligation Fund.
  • Bharat Broadband Network is the nodal agency to oversee the work.
  • The project was intended to enable the government of India to provide e-services and e-applications nationally like e-health, e-education and e-governance etc.

Universal Service Obligation Fund

  • The fund was established in 2002 to be utilized for providing telegraph services across the country especially the rural and remote areas.  
  • It receives funds from the Universal Service Levy (USL) of 5% charged from all the telecom operators on their gross revenue
  • Funds are dispatched through a bidding process to an enterprise which works on providing tele services.

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