Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Industrial development
Jammu, Agartala to get Space Research Technology Centres
This was announced on the occasion of the beginning of year-long “Sarabhai Centenary” programmes of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation), starting from today, that is, the 99th birth anniversary of Dr Vikram Sarabhai, the first Chairman of ISRO and the founding father of India’s Space Programme.
- Jammu will be the first city in North India to get a full-fledged Space Technology Research Centre, devoted to research, academics and post-graduation study.
Read more at: PIB
CSIR’s new patented Clot buster
A new Clot buster, PEGylated Streptokinase is developed by the team of inventors at CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology (CSIR-IMTECH), Chandigarh
- Will revolutionize the treatment of ischemic strokes.
- Ischemic stroke is a condition caused by a dysfunction in the supply of blood to the brain.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 2 : Environment
World Elephant Day today
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, along with Wildlife Trust of India, kicked off the celebrations of ‘Gaj Mahotsav’ today on the occasion of world elephant day.
Significance of Elephants
- elephants keep walking an eating for 18 hours in a day and defecate half-digested food, including grass, bamboo and leaves over a wide area, giving rise to another chain of events.
- If elephants are confined to one place, nature’s linkage is broken.
- So there is need to protect the elephant corridors.
- 101 elephant corridors are identified to be protected.
- As an acknowledgement of the important role played by the elephants in the social, religious and cultural life of people in India, elephants were declared as a National Heritage Animal in the year 2010.
- The Project Elephant started in 1992, with the objectives of
- conservation and protection of viable population of wild elephants in their natural habitats in the country
- restoration of natural habitats and traditional corridors/migratory routes or movement paths used by the elephants, wherever necessary, through eco-restoration, acquisition etc
- ensuring safeguards against poaching and other threats
- mitigation and control of human elephant conflicts
- welfare and management of captive elephants
- creating a viable mechanism to ensure inter-state and regional and national level coordination in protecting and conserving the elephant and its ranges.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 3 : ICT
Pro-Active and Responsive facilitation by Interactive, Virtuous and Environmental Single-window Hub is a single window hub for Environment, Forest, Wildlife and CRZ clearances.
- Single-Window Integrated Environmental Management System has been developed in pursuance of the spirit of ‘Digital India’
- It envisages capturing the essence of Minimum Government and Maximum Governance.
- “PARIVESH” is a workflow based application, based on the principles and norms of SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture), is designed to manage the system’s business flow
- It has been rolled out for online submission, monitoring and management of proposals submitted by Project Proponents to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MOEFCC), as well as to the State Level Environmental Impact Assessment Authorities (SEIAA).
- It seeks to give various types of clearances (e.g. Environment, Forest, Wildlife and Coastal Regulation Zone Clearances) from Central, State and district-level authorities.
- The system has been designed, developed and hosted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, with technical support from National Informatics Centre, (NIC)
- It offers a framework to generate economic growth and strengthens Sustainable Development through e- Governance.
- It helps in improving the overall performance and efficiency of the whole appraisal process.
- It also helps the processing authorities, as it has a Single Window System for Central, State and District level clearances.
- The facility of Geographic Information System (GIS) interface for the Appraisal Committee will help them in analyzing the proposal efficiently, automatic alerts (via SMS and emails) at important stages to the concerned officers, committee members and higher authorities to check the delays, if any.
- It enables project proponents, citizens to view, track and interact with scrutiny officers, generates online clearance letters, online mailers and alerts to state functionaries in case of delays beyond stipulated time for processing of applications.
Read more at: PIB
Optical fencing to tackle human-elephant conflict
The start-up Spihood Synergy Pvt. Ltd. has developed an Optical Fencing technology that can be used as an early warning system by detecting elephant intrusion.
- Optical Fencing works with the help of a network of poles that are linked together with radio frequency network and laser beams.
- Any breach of the laser beams, fixed in varied heights to detect movement of elephant between two poles, will be communicated through the radio network to the operator.
- The operator – who can view the breaching in computer, tablet or mobile phone – can generate alarm and issue warning messages to mobile phones.
- The system can send GPS location of the area of breaching to the operator via radio network.
- The poles have a number of transmitters and receivers creating an Optical Fence around a given area.
- The poles can also generate buzzing of honey bees, a known natural remedy to scare elephants.
- The technology is eco-friendly as it does not harm the animal
- The whole system can be operated with minimal energy.
- Solar panel can be fixed in each pole for the energy need,
- Tackle human-elephant conflict
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Restructured the scheme by merging all the ongoing schemes under an umbrella of Blue Revolution
- Integration of all fisheries project
- Increased production of fish
- Insurance cover for fishermen
Neem Coated Urea
- Government makes Neem coating of Urea mandatory.
- 100 % of Neem Coating of Indigenous Urea and Imported Urea achieved
- Improvement in soil health.
- Reduction in costs with respect to plant protection chemicals.
- Reduction in pest and disease attack.
- Diversion of highly subsidized urea towards non-agricultural purposes reduced to negligible.
- Assured availability of Urea.
- Increased Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE) by 5 to 10%
- Increase of crop yield
Topic 5: General Knowledge
Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul was born in rural Trinidad. His grandparents were part of the great nineteenth-century Indian diaspora who had settled in the Caribbean. In 2001, he received the Nobel Prize for Literature.