April 9,2019

April 8,2019
April 8, 2019
April 10,2019
April 10, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

NIRF & ARIIA Rankings 2019

The President of India has announced the results for National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)-2019 and Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)-2019. These were the fourth edition of NIRF Rankings and first edition of ARIIA ranking.

NIRF Rankings 2019:

  • Indian Institute of Madras (IIT Madras) has topped the list in ‘overall category’.
  • 7 IITs are among the first ten position holders whereas JNU, Delhi has secured the seventh rank.
  • IISc Bengaluru has topped ‘University category’.
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU) has retained its third position in the top 10 universities in the country for the third consecutive year.

About NIRF:

  • The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) was launched by the Minister of Human Resource Development on 29th September 2015.
  • This framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country.
  • The parameters broadly cover
  1. Teaching, Learning and Resources,
  2. Research and Professional Practices,
  3. Graduation Outcomes,
  4. Outreach and Inclusivity and
  5. Perception.

ARIIA Rankings 2019

  • IIT Madras has topped the ‘Public funded Institutions Category’.
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu has topped the ‘Private Institutions Category’.

About ARIIA:

  • It is an initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Govt. of India.
  • To systematically rank all the major higher educational institutions and universities in India on indicators related to “Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development” amongst students and faculties.
  • Major Indicators are:
  1. Budget & Funding Support.
  2. Infrastructure & Facilities.
  3. Awareness, Promotions & support for Idea Generation & Innovation.
  4. Promotion & Support for Entrepreneurship Development.
  5. Innovative Learning Methods & Courses.
  6. Intellectual Property Generation, Technology Transfer & Commercialization.
  7. Innovation in Governance of the Institution.
  • ARIIA focuses on quality of innovations and tries to measure the real impact created by these innovations nationally and internationally.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

IMO’s New Rule on Electronic Information Exchange

International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has mandated new rules for national governments to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports

About the new rules:

  • The new rules took effect from 8th of April 2019 and, seeks to make cross-border trade simpler and the logistics chain more efficient.
  • The requirement, mandatory under IMO’s Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention), is part of amendments under the revised Annex to the FAL Convention, adopted in 2016.

About FAL Convention

  • The Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention) was adopted in 1965.
  • The main objective of the convention is to achieve the most efficient maritime transport as possible, looking for smooth transit in ports of ships, cargo, and passengers.
  • Encourages the use of a “single window” for data, to enable all the information required by public authorities in connection with the arrival, stay and departure of ships, persons and cargo, to be submitted via a single portal, without duplication.
  • Under the requirement for electronic data exchange, all national authorities should now have provision for electronic exchange of this information.

India’s Initiatives

  • India launched a Port Community System — ‘PCS1x’— at ports in December 2018.
  • Port Community System (PCS1x) is a cloud-based new generation technology, with a user-friendly interface.
  • This system will enable maritime trade to have improved communication with the customs.

About IMO:

  • The International Maritime Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • IMO is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent pollution from ships.
  • It is also involved in legal matters, including liability and compensation issues and the facilitation of international maritime traffic.
  • It was established by means of a Convention adopted under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva on 17 March 1948 and met for the first time in January 1959.
  • It has 174 Member States.

Read more at: The HInduBusinessline

Topic 2 : Energy

GRIDTECH 2019

The Vice President of India inaugurated GRIDTECH 2019.

About GRIDTECH:

  • GRIDTECH is an international exhibition and conference, organized by the Power Grid Corporation of India Limited.
  • It aims to deliberate on new technologies in transmission, distribution, renewable integration, and smart grid communication.
  • To find new technologies to harness renewable energy to fulfill India’s energy demands.
  • To fulfill India’s international commitment to de-carbonize the electricity generation.

Read more at :MercomIndia

Net-zero energy complex

To achieve sustainable living standards, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has conceptualised a “net-zero energy complex” for its new headquarters.

About net-zero energy complex concept:

  • The building has been conceived as a flagship project to showcase the use of renewable energy, as well as a cutting-edge energy efficient building.
  • The campus will utilize technologies such as solar energy, on-site waste management, rainwater harvesting among others to get “off the grid”, thereby reducing the pressure on municipal infrastructure.
  • Reducing air conditioning, maintaining a higher ambient temperature, optimising artificial light by reducing individual cabins and blocking out an entire portion of the building to prevent heat gain, were some of the lifestyle changes that needed to be adopted.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

New mobile app to address heart disease in rural areas

A group of Indian and Australian scientists has developed and tested a mobile application-based system that promises to help doctors and health workers in villages to identify, monitor and manage patients with high blood pressure and heart-related ailments in remote areas

About the app:

  • The app is in the form of a clinical decision support system (CDSS), which can be loaded on an android phone.
  • The system also had a module that can send alerts to health workers about high-risk individuals who need follow-up visits.
  • In addition, it reminds patients on when to take their medication and when to visit the doctor for follow-up via an interactive voice response system.
  • An important take-away is that ASHA workers can expand their role beyond maternal and child health to non-communicable disease management and prevention.
  • The platform can also link village-based assessments to doctor-level care and follow-up.
  • A similar trial has been completed recently in Haryana, testing the strategy in a different set of population with PHCs of different levels of capacity.

Read more at: DownToEarth

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