April 6,2019

Quiz April 4, 2019
April 5, 2019
April 8,2019
April 8, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

World Health Day

April 7 of each year marks the celebration of World Health Day. This year’s World Health Day will focus on equity and solidarity.

Theme of World Health Day 2019 is Universal Health Coverage: Everyone, Everywhere.

Highlights:

  • The celebration has aimed to create awareness of a specific health theme to highlight a priority area of concern for the World Health Organization.
  • Over the past 50 years this has brought to light important health issues such as mental health, maternal and child care, and climate change.
  • The celebration is marked by activities which extend beyond the day itself and serves as an opportunity to focus worldwide attention on these important aspects of global health.

Read more at: PIB

Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN)

The National Institute of Technology, Tiruchi, had launched a programme under the Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) in Higher Education. It aimed at tapping the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs.

About GIAN program:

  • Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) in Higher Education was launched in 2015. It is a program of Ministry of Human Resource and Development.
  • It aims at tapping the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs to engage with the institutes of higher education in India to augment the country’s existing academic resources, accelerate the pace of quality reforms, and further strengthen India’s scientific and technological capabilities.

Objectives of GIAN:

  • To increase the footfalls of reputed international faculty in the Indian academic institutes.
  • Provide opportunity to our faculty to learn and share knowledge and teaching skills in cutting edge areas.
  • To provide opportunity to our students to seek knowledge and experience from reputed International faculty.
  • To create avenue for possible collaborative research with the international faculty.
  • Develop high quality course material in niche areas, both through video and print that can be used by a larger body of students and teachers.
  • To document and develop new pedagogic methods in emerging topics of national and international interest.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Global coalition on clean and efficient cooling

Highlights:

  • It is a unified front that links action across the Kigali Amendment, Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Its objective is expected to inspire ambition, identify solutions and mobilise action to accelerate progress towards clean and efficient cooling.
  • Besides the UN, it is supported by the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program and Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL).
  • It includes government officials from Chile, Rwanda, Denmark as well as leaders from civil society, research and academia.

Warming world calls for global action:

  • Throughout the world, 2018 was the fourth hottest year, preceded by 2017, 2015 and 2016. The India Meteorological Department (IMD), too, warned that the season average maximum temperatures from April to June are likely to be warmer than normal by 0.5 degree Celsius.
  • With increasing incomes and urbanisation, number of air conditioning units across the globe is set to increasefrom 1.2 billion to 4.5 billion by 2050, and India alone may account for one billion units.
  • In the next 20 years, India’s cooling requirement will increase by eight times, with air conditioners alone consuming more than half of the total energy required for cooling in the country by 2037-38.
  • According to an International Energy Agency (IEA) report, the global stock of air conditioners in buildings will grow to 5.6 billion by 2050, up from 1.6 billion today — which amounts to 10 new ACs sold every second for the next 30 years.  

Significance:

  • It recognises the importance of cooling not only as a carbon emission and development issue but as a larger social equity issue.
  • The plan acknowledges that “there is an immense potential to rationalise the rise in requirement for active refrigerant-based cooling in the country by adoption of passive cooling design strategies across sectors.”
  • Wider proliferation of thermally efficient built spaces that have reduced heat load is required inter alia using insulation, shading, and enhanced natural ventilation, to reduce requirement of active-cooling. This reduced cooling demand then needs to be met using the energy efficient and climate-friendly technologies.

Read more at :DownToEarth

Topic 4: General Knowledge

Zayed medal

UAE awards PM Narendra Modi with ‘Zayed medal’ highest Civilian Honour. PM Modi has been awarded in recognition of efforts in giving “a big boost” to bilateral relations between both the countries.

About the medal:

  • The ‘Order of Zayed’ is the highest civil decoration instituted by the UAE.
  • It is awarded to Heads of Government/Head of State for their international relations with UAE.
  • ‘Zayed’ is the founding father of the United Arab Emirates.

Read more at: ET

New World Bank President

David Malpass, a top U.S. Treasury official in Trump administration has been unanimously selected as the new President of the World Bank.

Key Facts:

  • He will be the 13th President and will start his five year term from April 9, 2019.
  • He will succeed Jim Yong-kim
  • Since the bank’s creation, all of its Presidents have been from America.
  • The World Bank President is Chair of Boards of Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and International Development Association (IDA).
  • The President is also ex officio Chair of Boards of Directors of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and the Administrative Council of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).

Read more at: ET

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