April 5,2018

April 4,2018
April 4, 2018
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April 5, 2018

 

Current Affairs for Engineering Services Exam (ESE)

Video Lectures for Engineering Services Exam (ESE)



Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

Topic 1:Social development

Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister has given its approval to the Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 for better protection and promotion of human rights in the country.

Highlights:

  • It proposes to include “National Commission for Protection of Child Rights” as deemed Member of the Commission
  • It proposes to add a woman Member in the composition of the Commission
  • It proposes to enlarge the scope of eligibility and scope of selection of Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission as well as the State Human Rights Commission
  • It proposes to incorporate a mechanism to look after the cases of human rights violation in the Union Territories=
  • It proposes to amend the term of office of Chairperson and Members of National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commission to make it in consonance with the terms of Chairperson and Members of other Commissions.

Background:

The amendment to the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 will make National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) more compliant with the Paris Principle concerning its autonomy, independence, pluralism and wide-ranging functions in order to effectively protect and promote human rights.

Read more at:PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

India becomes second largest manufacturer of crude steel

In a major achievement, India has overtaken Japan to become the world’s second largest producer of crude steel , according to the Steel Users Federation of India (SUFI).

Highlights:

  • India’s crude steel production was up 4.4% and stood at 93.11 million tonnes (MT) for the period April 2017 to February 2018, compared with April 2016 to February 2017
  • The government has taken a host of steps to curb imports, push local demand with initiatives like ‘Make in India’, and implement GST and infrastructure projects, to encourage the domestic market
  • According to the World Steel Association, India produced 8.4 MT of crude steel in February 2018, up 3.4% over February 2017.
  • The quick resolution of various big-ticket steel mills under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code and the National Company Law Tribunal is expected to further hasten the process of achieving higher capacity utilisation
  • China is the largest producer of crude steel in the world, accounting for more than 50% of the production.

Read more at: The Hindu

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)-Enhancing Port and Coastal Infrastructure

Second lead-up Conference to 3rd Annual Meeting of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) on ‘Enhancing Port and Coastal Infrastructure’ is being held Visakhapatnam.

Highlights:

  • The Regional Conference is being organized by the Ministry of Finance, Government of India in collaboration with AIIB,  Confederation of Indian Industry(CII) and Research and Infrastructure System (RIS) for Developing Countries
  • The Panel discussed elaborately on various port & coastal infrastructure related issues including facilitation of trade, port infrastructure and maritime regulations among others for implementation of Sagarmala project in a successful and time bound manner

AIIB:

  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and beyond
  • It commenced operations in January 2016 and has now grown to 84 approved members from around the world
  • It is headquartered in Beijing.
  • It aims to connect people, services and markets that over time will impact the lives of billions and build a better future.

Read more at:PIB

Topic 3 : ICT

NASA to build supersonic plane

NASA has inked a deal with Lockheed Martin to develop a supersonic “X-plane” that could break the sound barrier without a sonic boom.

Highlights:

  • The goal is to enable quieter supersonic flight and create “new commercial cargo and passenger markets in faster-than-sound air travel,
  • The $247.5 million contract allows for the design, building and testing of a plane that would make its first test flight in 2021

Read more at:The Hindu

India third most vulnerable country to cyber threats

India emerged as the third most vulnerable country in terms of risk of cyber threats, such as malware, spam and ransomware, in 2017, moving up one place over previous year, according to a report by security solutions provider Symantec.

Highlights:

  • In 2017, 5.09% of global threats detected were in India, slightly less than 5.11% in 2016. The U.S. (26.61%) was most vulnerable to such attacks, followed by China (10.95%), according to ‘Internet Security Threat Report’
  • India continues to be second most impacted by spam and bots, third most impacted by network attacks, and fourth most impacted by ransomware.
  • Cyber criminals, it said, are rapidly adding “cryptojacking” to their arsenal as the ransomware market becomes overpriced and overcrowded.
  • The global threat ranking is based on eight metrics  malware, spam, phishing, bots, network attacks, web attacks, ransomware and cryptominers.

Cryptojacking:

  • Cryptojacking is defined as the secret use of your computing device to mine cryptocurrency.
  • Cryptojacking used to be confined to the victim unknowingly installing a program that secretly mines cryptocurrency.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 5 : General Knowledge

Icarus- farthest star

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has discovered the farthest individual star ever seen .It is an enormous blue stellar body nicknamed Icarus located over halfway across the universe.

Highlights:

  • The star, harboured in a very distant spiral galaxy, is so far away that its light has taken nine billion years to reach Earth.
  • It appears to us as it did when the universe was about 30% of its current age
  • The star, located in a distant spiral galaxy, is at least 100 times further away than any other star previously observed, with the exception of things like the huge supernova explosions that mark the death of certain stars.

Hubble Space Telescope:

  • NASA launched Hubble in 1990
  • It was built by the United States space agency NASA, with contributions from the European Space Agency.
  • Hubble is the only telescope designed to be serviced in space by astronauts.
  • Expanding the frontiers of the visible Universe, the Hubble Space Telescope looks deep into space with cameras that can see across the entire optical spectrum from infrared to ultraviolet.
  • The Hubble Space Telescope is a large telescope in space.

Read more at: The Hindu

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