April 29,2018

April 27,2018
April 27, 2018
Quiz – April 27, 2018
April 29, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

Topic 1:Social development

Van Dhan Scheme

The Prime Minister of India launched the Van Dhan Scheme of Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED on 14th April, 2018 during the celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanti at Bijapur, Chattisgarh.

Highlights:

  • Under Van Dhan, 10 Self Help Groups of 30 Tribal gatherers is constituted.
  • They are then trained and provided with working capital to add value to the products, which they collect from the jungle.  
  • Training and technical support is provided by Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited TRIFED
  • The establishment of “Van Dhan Vikas Kendra” is for providing skill upgradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facility.
  • This first model Van DhanVikas Kendra in Bijapuris being implemented  for training of 300 training beneficiaries

Read more at: PIB

Adopt a Heritage scheme

“Adopt a Heritage: Apni Dharohar, Apni Pehchaan” is a collaborative effort between the Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), and State/UTs  Governments.

Highlights:

  • It aims to involve public sector companies, private sector companies and corporate citizens/individuals to take up the responsibility for making our heritage and tourism more sustainable through development, operation and maintenance of world-class tourist infrastructure and amenities at ASI/ State heritage sites and other important tourist sites in India
  • They would become ‘Monument Mitras’ through the innovative concept of “Vision Bidding”, where the agency with best vision  for the heritage site will be given an opportunity to associate pride with their CSR activities.
  • They would also get limited visibility in the premises and the Incredible India website. The aim is enhancement of tourist experience and promotion of the incredible heritage sites to bring them on tourism map.
  • The project primarily focus on providing basic amenities that includes cleanliness, public conveniences, drinking water, ease of access for differently abled and senior citizens, standardized signage, illumination and advanced amenities

Read more at: The Hindu

First responder course

  • A team of doctors from Humanitarian Outreach Initiative (HOI) has launched a Certified First Responder course in Tamilnadu
  • The programme of HOI, which was established in 2013 to develop disaster medicine and management, plans to train citizens in medical emergency response, disaster preparedness and mitigation techniques.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

Priority watch list

In its latest 2018 Special 301 Report, the United States Trade Representative (USTR) has placed 12 countries on its priority watch list.

Highlights:

  • India continues to remain on the priority watch list for long standing challenges in its intellectual property framework and lack of sufficient measurable progress particularly with respect to patents, copyrights, trade secrets, and enforcement, as well as for new issues that have negatively affected U.S. right holders over the past year
  • As per the report, the country is also one of the world’s most challenging major economies in the area.
  • Other countries on the list are Algeria, Argentina, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Indonesia, Kuwait, Russia, Ukraine, and Venezuela.

About the Special 301 Report:

The special 301 report identifies US trading partners that do not adequately or effectively protect and enforce IP rights or otherwise deny market access to its innovators and creators that rely on protection of their IP rights.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Oman’s rocks could help save the planet

The rocks which are found at Oman of Arabian Peninsula could help to save the planet by absorbing the carbon dioxide.

Highlights:

  • Rocks could remove some of the billions of tons of heat-trapping carbon dioxide that humans have pumped into the air since the beginning of the Industrial Age.
  • Carbon mineralisation could remove carbon dioxide 
  • By turning that carbon dioxide into stone, CO2 from the atmosphere is removed.

Read more at: The Hindu

New plants from Western Ghats

Nine new plants have been discovered in the Western Ghats

Highlights:

  • The world’s smallest land fern and two shrubs of the rattlepod family six species including two balsams, two shrubs belonging to the mint family (Lamiaceae), a herb of the coffee family (Rubiaceae) and 10-cm-tall Sonerila, a flowering plant commonly found in the tropics, have been discovered.
  • Scientists used morphological features to tell each plant apart from similar-looking species. All new plants are currently known only from the localities they have been collected from.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

World’s first floating nuclear power plan

Akademik Lomonosov, the world’s first “floating” nuclear power plant (FNPP) for installation in remote areas, has headed out on its first sea voyage from this Baltic shipyard in Russia

Highlights:

  • It is to be towed through the Baltic Sea and around the northern tip of Norway to Murmansk, where its reactors will be loaded with nuclear fuel
  • Akademik Lomonosov will replace Pevek’s aging Bilibino Nuclear Power Plant and Chaunsk coal-fired power plant, saving about 50,000 tons of CO2 emissions per year compared to the current levels
  • Floating nuclear power plants will enable electricity and heat supply to the most remote regions boosting growth and sustainable development
  • An FNPP is basically a mobile, low-capacity reactor unit operable in remote areas isolated from the main power distribution system, or in places hard to access by land.
  • They are designed to maintain both uninterruptible power and plentiful desalinated water supply in remote areas.
  • The FNPP has a capacity of 70MW and is equipped with two reactors of 35 MW each

Read more at:ET

The draft National Energy Storage Mission

The draft National Energy Storage Mission expects to kick-start grid-connected energy storage in India, set up a regulatory framework, and encourage indigenous manufacture of batteries.

Highlights:

  • The draft sets a “realistic target” of 15-20 gigawatt hours (GWh) of grid-connected storage within the next five years
  • The mission will focus on seven verticals: indigenous manufacturing; an assessment of technology and cost trends; a policy and regulatory framework; financing, business models and market creation; research and development; standards and testing; and grid planning for energy storage.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

The Resource Prospector mission

NASA has cancelled Resource Prospector Mission, a mission to assay the resources that may be available to humans on the moon.

About the Resource Prospector Mission

  • The Resource Prospector mission would have sent a rover to the moon’s polar regions to learn about water and other deposits on and just beneath the lunar surface.
  • The Resource Prospector mission consisted of a lander and a solar-powered rover equipped with a drill. The rover would have scouted the lunar surface, digging up soil for analysis.

Read more at: ET

Topic 5: General Knowledge

New type of DNA

Scientists have identified an entirely new kind of DNA inside humans.

Highlights:

  • A twisted “knot” of DNA known as i-motif has been seen inside the nucleus of a living cell for the first time.
  • The i-motif looks like a twisted knot, as opposed to DNA’s well-known double helix structure.
  • The i-motif is a four-stranded ‘knot’. In the knot structure, C [cytosine] letters on the same strand of DNA bind to each other – so this is very different from a double helix, where ‘letters’ on opposite strands recognize each other and where Cs bind to Gs [guanines].
  • To find the i-motifs, the scientists engineered antibodies into tiny probes that would attach themselves only to i-motifs.

Read more at:nypost

Navigating nanomotors within living cells

In a paper published recently in Advanced Materials, the team demonstrated the manoeuvrability of magnetic-material-coated silica nanomotors inside different cell lines.

Highlights:

  • Less than 3 microns in length, they can be used for targeted drug delivery, nanosensing and in therapeutics.
  • They found that nanomotors could move inside the cells when a rotating magnetic field of less than eighty Gauss
  • Three types of cell lines  human cervical cancer cells, human embryonic kidney and endothelial cells from cattle were used for the study.
  • The nanomotors can be used as a new imaging tool to study the organelles of the cell up-close

Read more at : The Hindu

Koreas aim for denuclearisation

The leaders of North and South Korea embraced to work for the “complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula”, on a day of smiles and handshakes at the first inter-Korean summit in more than a decade.

Highlights:

  • They would work with the U.S. and China this year to declare an official end to the 1950s Korean War and seek an agreement on “permanent” and “solid” peace.
  • The Panmunjom Declaration, named after the truce village that hosted the talks, included promises to pursue phased arms reduction, cease hostile acts, transform their fortified border into a peace zone and seek multilateral talks with other countries, including the U.S.

Read more at: The Hindu

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