April 2,2019

Quiz March 30, 2019
April 2, 2019
April 3,2019
April 3, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

India levies anti-dumping duty on solar cell component

India has imposed anti-dumping duty of up to $1,559 per tonne on imports of a certain type of sheet used in solar cell making from China, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia and Thailand for five years to safeguard domestic players against cheap shipments.

Key Facts:

  • The anti-dumping duty imposed shall be effective for a period of five years (unless revoked, superseded or amended earlier).
  • The  imposition of the duty is required to offset dumping and injury caused by dumped imports from China, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, and Thailand.

About  anti-dumping duty:

  • An anti-dumping duty is a protectionist tariff that a domestic government imposes on foreign imports that it believes are priced below fair market value.
  • Dumping is a process where a company exports a product at a price lower than the price it normally charges in its own home market.

Read more at: ET

Topic 1:Industrial development

Transport and Marketing Assistance (TMA) Scheme

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has laid out a detailed procedure for claiming benefits under the Transport and Marketing Assistance (TMA) scheme.

Key Facts:

  • It aims at boosting agricultural exports.
  • The scheme for providing financial assistance for transport and marketing of agriculture products to boost exports of such commodities to certain countries in Europe and North America.
  • The level of assistance would be different for different regions as notified from time to time for export of eligible products. The scheme covers freight and marketing assistance for export by air as well as by sea.

Objectives:

  • The scheme aims to provide assistance for the international component of freight and marketing of agricultural produce.
  • To mitigate disadvantage of higher cost of transportation of export of specified agriculture products due to trans-shipment.
  • To promote brand recognition for Indian agricultural products in the specified overseas markets.

Coverage & Eligibility

  • All exporters, duly registered with relevant Export Promotion Council as per Foreign Trade Policy, of eligible agriculture products shall be covered under this scheme.
  • The Scheme would be applicable for a period as specified from time to time. Presently the Scheme would be available for exports from 1.3.2019 to 31.03.2020.

About APEDA:

  • The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) is a non-trading, statutory body established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985.
  • APEDA has marked its presence in almost all agro potential states of India and has been providing services to agri-export community through its head office in New Delhi, five Regional offices and 13 Virtual offices.
  • In 2017, APEDA launched a mobile app- “Farmer Connect” to allow farmers to apply online to facilitate their farm registration, tracking the status of application & approvals by State Government and Lab sampling by authorized Laboratories.

Read more at: Money control

Topic 3 : ICT

EMISAT Satellite

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has launched the EMISAT satellite on onboard the PSLV-C45 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

About launch:

  • The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) was also carrying 28 international nanosatellites — 24 from the US, two from Lithuania and one each from Spain and Switzerland.
  • The flight of PSLV was also the longest mission of the PSLV, lasting around three hours.

What is EMISAT Satellite?

  • The EMISAT satellite is aimed at electromagnetic spectrum measurement.
  • It is an electronic intelligence satellite for the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

What is the purpose of EMISAT Satellite?

  • EMISAT is an all weather and all terrain condition satellite, which will allow it to work through clouds, rain, forest and coastal areas.
  • EMISAT is an ELINT (Electronic Intelligence) satellite, which means it will have a radar to measure the electromagnetic spectrum – so as to intercept and analyze radar signals, find their location, identify the hostile radars based on their radio frequency (RF) signature.
  • It has the Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) can effectively locate, tackle and silence enemy radars, and secure Indian airspace.

Significance of the launch:

  • The mission was significant as this was the first time a PSLV has placed objects in three different orbits.
  • The fourth stage was restarted and stopped twice to bring PSLV to the altitude of 507 km after EMISAT launch.
  • At the fourth stage three experimental payloads were deployed:
  1. Automatic Identification System (AIS) for Maritime satellite applications capturing messages transmitted from ships
  2. Automatic Packet Repeating System (APRS) from AMSAT (Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation), India – assists amateur radio operators in tracking and monitoring position data
  3. Advanced Retarding Potential Analyzer for Ionospheric Studies (ARIS) from Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) – for the structural and compositional studies of the ionosphere.
  • It is the first time it has been envisaged to provide a microgravity environment for research organizations and academic institutes to perform experiments.

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: General Knowledge

Japan’s New Era-Reiwa

The Japanese government has announced that the reign of the next Japanese emperor will be known as the “Reiwa” era.

Highlights:

  • The term for the new era is made up of the two characters Rei and Wa. Rei can mean “commands” or “order”, as well as “auspicious” or “good”. While, Wa often means “harmony”, and is also used in the Japanese word for “peace” – “hei-wa”.
  • The new era takes effect on May 1, 2019 with the coronation of Crown Prince Naruhito (126th emperor of the Chrysanthemum Throne).
  • The name draws from the 7th century poetry collection “Manyoshu.”
  • This is the first era name to have been inspired by a Japanese, rather than Chinese, work of classical literature.

About Chrysanthemum Throne:

  • Chrysanthemum Throne is a common name given to the Imperial throne of Japan.
  • It is the oldest continuing monarchy in the world.
  • Under the provisions of the current Constitution of Japan, the Emperor is a “symbol of the state and the unity of its people”; he has no real political power but is regarded as a ceremonial Head of State and constitutional monarch.
  • Current emperor Akihito is stepping down on April 30, 2019 in the first abdication in 200 years, bringing his era of “Heisei” to an end.
  • The era of “Heisei,” which means “achieving peace,” was the first without a war in Japan’s modern history, but is also remembered as lost years of economic deflation and natural disasters.
  • This era began in 1989, when Akihito succeeded his father Emperor Hirohito, who ruled during the Showa period and is now known as the Showa Emperor. It will come to a close on April 30, the day Akihito abdicates.

Read more at: The Hindu

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.