April 16,2018

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April 16, 2018
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April 17, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

Topic 1:Economic development

Gender Budget

Tamil Nadu government presented a Gender Budget Statement as part of the annual budget documents, quantifying the allocations that will benefit women during this fiscal.

Highlights:

  • it is the first time that the Gender Budget has been undertaken
  • The gender budget has three parts:
  1. Part A deals with exclusive women beneficiaries.
  2. Part B discusses individual beneficiaries among whom will be women.
  3. Part C sets out indivisible allocations under various heads.
  • The government estimates women would benefit from these allocations to the extent of at least 30%.

About Gender budget:

  • A gender budget is not a separate budget for women. Instead, the gender budgets are an attempt to assess government priorities as they are reflected through the budget and examine how they impact women and men.
  • Gender budgets look at what the impact of the spending is on men and women and whether or not budgets respond to the needs of both women and men adequately.

Need of a Gender Budget

  • Addressing gap between policy commitment and allocation for women by emphasizing on adequate resource allocation.
  • Putting pressure and focus on gender sensitive programme formulation and implementation
  • Mainstreaming gender concerns in public expenditure and policy.
  • By being a tool for effective policy implementation where one can check if the allocations are in line with slated gender sensitive policy commitments and are having the desired impact.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Social development

Safety switches on vehicles

The Ministry of Electronics and IT in partnership with IIT-Delhi is working on a switch-based device in cars and buses to aid safety of women.

Highlights:

  • The  technology to ensure help in case of distress while travelling in public transport.
  • The proposed panic switch system when invoked will generate a loud alarm in the vehicle which will attract public attention, and send the coordinates of the person to a server [police control room] to provide necessary help
  • The system will include features such as authenticating the driver of the vehicles and a camera interface.
  • The project, being developed by IIT-Delhi, is being funded by the Nirbhaya Fund, set up in 2013 for implementation of initiatives aimed at enhancing the safety and security of women in the country

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

River bridge opened

  • Odisha’s second longest river bridge over the  Ib river in Sambalpur district was opened
  • The 2.5-km-long bridge, which is the State’s second longest bridge.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

3D conic device to increase solar-thermal conversion

Chinese scientists have developed a new device of 3D hollow-cone structure that can greatly increase the solar-thermal conversion efficiency.

Highlights:

  • The device, named ‘Artificial Transpiration’ is inspired by the transpiration process of trees
  • It has a special 1D water path within it, which can reduce the energy loss in conduction
  • The cone structure, based on a graphene film, can collect more sunlight throughout the day when compared with a flat device, as about 10 per cent to 50 per cent of sunlight is diffusive
  • The device can enhance the solar-thermal conversion rate to 85 per cent, which is much higher than the 40 per cent rate of common devices
  • The structure can be further optimised to have a longer life and recycle more heavy metals

Read more at: ET

Asian premium

India would coordinate with China and other Asian countries to raise voice against the “Asian premium” being charged by the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

Highlights:

  • India or China, Japan and Korea  Asian countries are the primary consumers of the energy market today
  • there will be consensus to put a point of view in front of the OPEC that must get reasonable and responsible price for our consumption

About OPEC:

  • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC) is an intergovernmental organization of 14 nations founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela)
  • It is headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria
  • The  mission is “to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its member countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets, in order to secure an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers, and a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Chip in for viewership data

The Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry has proposed the installation of a chip in new television set-top boxes to collect data on channels watched, with duration.

Highlights:

  • The move is aimed to get “more authentic” viewership figures for every channel.
  • This would help advertisers and the DAVP to spend their advertising expenditure wisely.
  • Only those channels which are widely watched will get promoted
  • The move is seen to end the monopoly of the Broadcast Audience Research Council India (BARC), which measures the television audience preferences in the country
  • The proposal was part of the Ministry’s response to a number of recommendations made by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on issues related to new direct-to-home licenses.
  • The Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP) is the nodal agency of the government for advertising by various Ministries and its organisations.

Read more at:The Hindu

1 Comment

  1. Meghal Mathankar says:

    nice

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