Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video lectures for ESE prelims 2020
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Economic development
The Banks Board Bureau (BBB)
The Banks Board Bureau (BBB), the apex body for selection of whole-time directors of state-owned lenders, has made a case for giving a complete autonomy to banks to decide organisational structure for better efficiency.
What is Banks Board Bureau (BBB)?
- The Banks Board Bureau has its genesis in the recommendations of The Committee to Review Governance of Boards of Banks in India, May 2014.
- The Bureau started functioning from April 01, 2016 as an autonomous recommendatory body.
- The BBB was the part of Indradhanush Plan of government.
- It is the apex body of eminent professionals and officials to make recommendations for appointment of whole-time directors as well as non-executive chairman of PSBs.
- To engaging with the board of directors of all the public sector banks to formulate appropriate strategies for their growth and development.
- To frame strategy discussion on consolidation based on the requirement.
- The government wanted to encourage bank boards to restructure their business strategy and also suggest way forward for their consolidation and merger with other banks.
- Bhanu Pratap Sharma is the Chairman of BBB.
Read more at: ET
Topic 1:Industrial development
Virgin Hyperloop One
The first Virgin Hyperloop One (VHO) commercial project in the world may start between Mumbai and Pune by 2025.
What is Hyperloop?
- Hyperloop is a system where magnetically levitating capsules are sent at high speeds through low-pressure tubes, thereby potentially reducing transport time — of people and goods — by more than 80%.
- The system consists of pods or capsules travelling at high speeds through low-pressure tubes erected on columns or tunneled underground.
- The system is fully autonomous and sealed, so no driver-related error is anticipated. In a sealed environment with almost no air resistance, the pods are expected to reach very high speeds.
- The Hyperloop technology can act as a beacon for the Mission 350 Plus initiative announced by Government of India in July 2016 which aims to gradually introduce levitation based technology.
Read more at: ET
Topic 2 : Environment
Agreement to Save Coastal Wetlands
The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have joined hands to map, validate and protect smaller wetlands in coastal regions.
- A memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between the CMFRI and the Space Applications Centre of ISRO to develop a mobile app and a centralised web portal that will have a comprehensive database of wetlands that are smaller than 2.25 hectares in the country.
- The programme is aimed at restoring them through coastal livelihood programmes.
- The two institutes aim at identifying and demarcating wetlands, and restore them through suitable livelihood options such as coastal aquaculture.
- The app will be used for real-time monitoring of the wetlands and giving advisories to stakeholders and coastal people.
- The collaborative move is part of a national framework for fisheries and wetlands, developed recently by the National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) project of CMFRI.
- The project aims to find ways and means to mitigate the impact of climate change in marine fisheries and coastal region.
- The research on adaptation and mitigation covers crops, livestock, fisheries, and natural resource management.
- The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute was established by Government of India in 1947 under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and later it joined the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in 1967.
- ICAR is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world functioning under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 3 : ICT
Virtual Reality Centre of Indian Navy
Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba inaugurated the first ‘state-of-the-art’ Virtual Reality Centre (VRC) at the Directorate of Naval Design (Surface Ship Group), New Delhi.
- This centre would provide major boost to the Indigenous warship design capabilities of Indian Navy
- Providing impetus to self-reliance and greater fillip to warship construction under “Make in India” initiative of the Indian government.
About Virtual Reality:
- Virtual Reality (VR) is the use of computer technology to create a simulated environment.
- Virtual Reality’s most immediately-recognizable component is the head-mounted display (HMD).
- It shall boost indigenous warship design capabilities
About Augmented Reality (AR):
It is an enhanced version of reality where live direct or indirect views of physical real-world environments are augmented with superimposed computer-generated images over a user’s view of the real-world, thus enhancing one’s current perception of reality.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: General Knowledge
Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi has been conferred with the “Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First,” the highest civilian award of Russia.
- The order was presented to the Prime Minister of India for his distinguished contribution to the development of a privileged strategic partnership between Russia and India and friendly ties between the Russian and Indian people.
- The Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First is awarded to prominent government and public figures, prominent representatives of science, culture, art and various sectors of the economy for “exceptional services that contribute to the prosperity, greatness, and glory of Russia”.
Read more at: The Hindu
The first photograph of a black hole was revealed by Event Horizon Telescope (EHT).
What is Black hole?
- A black hole is a region of space whose mass is so large and dense that not even light can escape its gravitational attraction. Because no light can escape, it is black and invisible.
- There’s a boundary at the edge of a black hole called the event horizon, which is the point of no return — any light or matter that crosses that boundary is sucked into the black hole.
- It would need to travel faster than the speed of light to escape, which is impossible.
What is Singularity?
Anything that crosses the event horizon is destined to fall to the very centre of the black hole and be squished into a single point with infinite density, called the singularity.
Where are black holes found?
- Supermassive black holes are found at the centre of most galaxies, including our own Milky Way. The one in our galaxy is called Sagittarius A* and is one of those the Event Horizon Telescope has been attempting to photograph.
- Sagittarius A* isn’t the only black hole in our galaxy, though. Earlier this year, astronomers discovered another 12 within three light-years of it, suggesting there could be upwards of 10,000 black holes around the galactic centre.
Where do black holes are formed?
- Stellar mass black holes form when a star with a mass greater than three times that of our sun runs out of fuel. It explodes into a supernova and collapses into an extremely dense core that we know as a black hole — something predicted by Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.
- Supermassive black holes are believed to form at the same time as the galaxy that surrounds them, but astronomers aren’t sure exactly how.
- Einstein’s theory also predicts the size and shape of the black holes that the Event Horizon Telescope is trying to photograph.
About Event Horizon Telescope (EHT):
- The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) is a large telescope array consisting of a global network of radio telescopes and combining data from several very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI) stations around the Earth.
- The aim of the EHT project is to observe the immediate environment of supermassive black holes, with an angular resolution high enough to resolve structures on the size scale of the black hole’s event horizon.
- The first image of a black hole, the supermassive one at the center of galaxy Messier 87, was published by the EHT Collaboration on April 10, 2019.
- The black hole was given the nickname Pōwehi, meaning “embellished dark source of unending creation” in Hawaiian.
Read more at: Business standard