Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
Topic 1:Economic development
Relaxation of NPA norms
The finance ministry is in discussion with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for relaxation of norms regarding stressed asset resolution that was announced in February.
- RBI had issued a circular on February 12 outlining a new mechanism for stressed asset resolution which could result in rise in provisioning requirements.
- RBI had mandated that if the solution plan was not implemented within 180 days, bankruptcy process should be initiated.
- Banks have to make 50% provision for accounts that are referred to the NCLT for insolvency proceedings.
- If the principal or interest is overdue for one day to 30 days, the account is identified as Special Mention Account – 0 (SMA-0) category.
- If it is overdue for 30 to 60 days, it comes under the SMA-1 category
- If it is overdue for more than 60 days, till 90 days, it falls under SMA-2 category.
- If a loan is not repaid for more than 90 days, it is classified as non-performing asset (NPA).
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 1:Social development
Call for support for breastfeeding
The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) issued a new 10-step guidance to increase support for breastfeeding in health facilities
- The immediate health system platform to help mothers initiate breastfeeding within the first hour and breastfeed exclusively for six months.
- Breastfeeding all babies for the first 2 years would save the lives of more than 8,20,000 children under age 5 annually
- The guidelines describe how hospitals should have a written breastfeeding policy in place, required staff competencies, and antenatal and post-birth care, including breastfeeding support for mothers.
- It recommends limited use of breast milk substitutes, rooming-in, responsive feeding, educating parents on the use of bottles and pacifiers, and support when mothers and babies are discharged from hospital.
Read more at: The Hindu
The Centre is in the process of issuing guidelines to ban the manufacture, import, sale and any kind of trade in e-cigarettes, dubbing it a “new emerging threat”.
- Terming e-cigarettes or Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems “addictive” and targeted at young smokers
- The chief constituent of e-cigarettes was nicotine, which was addictive.
- It also has a high level of toxicity and can lead to development of cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, have adverse effect on the immune and gastrointestinal systems, and raise the risk of miscarriage in pregnant women
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Environment
Tiny sea creatures affect Earth’s climate
NASA is conducting a study of the world’s largest phytoplankton bloom in the North Atlantic to see how the tiny sea algae influence the climate every season.
- It is the first research mission to conduct an integrated study of all four distinct phases of the world’s largest phytoplankton bloom
- The North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES) mission began its fourth and final deployment, which will study how phytoplanktons give rise to small organic particles that leave the ocean and end up in the atmosphere, ultimately influencing clouds and climate.
- The ongoing ship deployment is currently collecting observations of ocean biological composition and stocks, aerosol measurements and optical properties of the North Atlantic study area.
- Satellites such as CALIPSO, a joint NASA and CNES mission, also help to study the ocean and the atmosphere – from the depths of the phytoplankton bloom, to the clouds and atmospheric particles in the sky above.
- The study will track how phytoplanktons give rise to small organic particles that leave the ocean and end up in the atmosphere, influencing cloud formation
Read more at:The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
India’s first filament bulb-free village panchayat
Pilicode panchayat in Kasaragod, which won the State Energy Conservation award last year, has added yet another feather in its cap by becoming the first village panchayat in the country that has completely abandoned filament bulbs
- The panchayat achieved this rare distinction by replacing all the filament bulbs by LED bulbs under its unique project ‘Oorjayanam’,
- Project aims to make the panchayat energy efficient, and this has evinced the interest of the district administration, which wants to introduce it in other parts of the district as well.
- As part of the project, the panchayat had conducted a survey in all the households with regards to the use of electric bulbs and other electric gadgets, and also got the details about the energy-inefficient gadgets
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
PSLV-C41 successfully launches IRNSS-1I
ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C41 successfully launched the 1,425 kg IRNSS-1I Navigation Satellite today from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.
- IRNSS-1I is the latest member of the ‘Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC)’ system.
- NavIC, also known as Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), is an independent regional navigation satellite system designed to provide position information in the Indian region and 1,500 km around the Indian mainland.
- A number of ground facilities responsible for IRNSS satellite ranging and monitoring, generation and transmission of navigation parameters, satellite control, network timing, etc., have been established in many locations across the country as part of NavIC.
- The eight satellites have a civilian and restricted military/security application to aid security and disaster management and fleet monitoring on land, air and sea.
Read more at: PIB