Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video lectures for ESE prelims 2020
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Economic development
Delhi has emerged as the top destination for migrant workers.
What is Gig Economy?
- A gig economy is a free market system in which temporary positions are common and organizations contract with independent workers for short-term engagements.
- A gig economy undermines the traditional economy of full-time workers who rarely change positions and instead focus on a lifetime career.
- An estimated 56% of new employment in India is being generated by the gig economy companies across both the blue-collar and white-collar workforce. The reasons are:
- In the digital age, the worker need not sit at a fixed location—the job can be done from anywhere, so employers can select the best talent available for a project without being bound by geography.
- The millennial generation seems to have quite a different attitude to careers. They seek to do work that they want to do rather than have careers that may not satisfy their inner urges.
- This suits businesses as well. In a gig economy, they save resources in terms of benefits like provident fund, paid leave and office space.
- Heightened migration and
- Readily available job training.
- The gig economy thrives largely unregulated, therefore workers have little job security and few benefits.
- A gig-economy workers will have to upgrade his skills on his own at his own cost.
- Lack of policies on job structure, tax , privacy
- Exponential growth
- The gig economy in India with respect to workers not getting any social security, insurance, etc
Read more at: Livemint
Topic 2 : Environment
According to a recent study conducted by an energy consultancy firm Bridge To India (BTI) Ltd., India’s PV (photovoltaic) waste volume is estimated to grow to 2,00,000 tonnes by 2030 and around 1.8 million tonnes by 2050.
- PV waste recycling is still at a nascent stage globally, both in terms of technical standards and physical infrastructure. The waste is usually sent to laminated glass and metal recyclers that recover 70-80% of the material by weight.
- PV module recycling is still not commercially viable as total estimated cost including transportation can vary between USD 400-600/ tonne, far exceeding value of the recovered material.
- India is among the leading markets for solar cells in the world, buoyed by the government’s commitment to install 100 GW of solar power by 2022.
- So far, India has installed solar cells for about 28 GW and this is largely from imported solar PV cells.
- India’s e-waste rules have no laws mandating solar cell manufacturers to recycle or dispose waste from this sector.
Issues in dealing with Solar e-waste:
- Lack of a policy framework is coupled with the fact that even basic recycling facilities for laminated glass and e-waste are unavailable.
- These modules are 80% glass and aluminium, and non-hazardous.
- Other materials used, including polymers, metals, metallic compounds and alloys, and are classified as potentially hazardous.
- Mandating module manufacturers to use environmentally sustainable design and materials with end-of-life in mind (similar to the eco-design initiative of the EU).
- Specifying liability and responsibility of each stakeholder for waste management and treatment.
- Laying down standards for PV waste collection, treatment and disposal.
- Encouraging mutual recycling responsibility agreements between module suppliers, project developers and power purchasers.
- Undertaking regular surveys of recycling facilities to understand technology and capacity levels.
- Identifying investment and technical requirements for dedicated PV recycling facilities with focus on high-value recovery.
Read more at: The Hindu
New genetic method to empower conservation
A team of scientists at Stanford University and the National Centre for Biological Sciences at India’s Tata Institute of Fundamental Research have developed a method for extracting genetic information.
- The new method is faster and cheap and collects information from degraded and left-behind materials, such as feces, skin or saliva, and from food products suspected of containing endangered animals.
- It will help wildlife conservationists aiming to protect endangered species, but they were unable to collect the DNA samples from rare and elusive animals.
- The new method relies on identifying multiple, short portions of DNA segments in a single experiment (a multiplex PCR), followed by ‘next-generation sequencing’, in which multiple fragments of DNA can be decoded simultaneously, and several times, in an automated process.
What is Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (Multiplex PCR)?
Multiplex polymerase chain reaction refers to the use of polymerase chain reaction to amplify several different DNA sequences simultaneously.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 4: General Knowledge
Namami Gange gets global recognition at world summit
The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) was awarded the distinction of “Public Water Agency of the Year” by Global Water Intelligence at the Global Water Summit in London.
- The Global Water Awards are presented at the Global Water Summit, the major business conference for the water industry worldwide.
- The awards recognise excellence across the international water industry and reward those initiatives in the water, waste water, and desalination sectors, which bring remarkable improvements in the lives of people, according to NMCG, which is under the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
- An integrated mission for Ganga rejuvenation, the Namami Gange programme has a comprehensive multi-sector intervention with multi-stakeholder involvement and adopts a basin-based approach.
About Global Water Summit:
- Global Water Summit is the annual business conference for the water industry worldwide.
- The summit attracts high-level executives from industry, municipalities and international water companies and provides the opportunity to connect with hard-to-reach industry insiders that will not attend any other water event.
- The summit provides a platform for connecting the public and private sector and for accelerating change and innovation within the sector, it attracts the most influential industry representatives and also becomes a forum for business development and expanding your network.
About Namami Gange Programme:
- Namami Gange Programme is an umbrella programme which integrates previous and currently ongoing initiatives by enhancing efficiency, extracting synergies and supplementing them with more comprehensive & better coordinated interventions.
- Government of India is supplementing the efforts of the state governments in addressing the pollution of river Ganga by providing financial assistance to the states.
- National Mission for Clean Ganga, endeavors to deploy best available knowledge and resources across the world for Ganga rejuvenation.
- Clean Ganga has been a perennial attraction for many international countries that have expertise in river rejuvenation.
Read more at: IndianExpress