April 11,2018

April 10,2018
April 10, 2018
Quiz-April 10,2018
April 11, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

 

Topic 1:Social development

Drugs Technical Advisory Board

The Union Health Ministry has banned over-the-counter sale of around 14 creams containing steroids and antibiotics under the Schedule H category by making amendments to certain Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945.

Highlights:

  • The decision was made following consultation with the Drugs Technical Advisory Board which recommended a ban on the sale of such creams without prescription and had also submitted their recommendations to the Central Drugs Standards Control Organisation.
  • The move comes in the wake of dermatologists’ complaints that pharmaceutical companies were selling steroid-based creams and ointments without medical guidance.

Schedule H drugs:

  • Schedule H is a class of prescription drugs listed under Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 which governs manufacture and sale of all drugs in India.
  • These drugs cannot be purchased over counter without the prescription of a doctor.

DTAB:

  • Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) is the highest decision-making body under the Union health ministry on technical matters.
  • Director General of Health Services (DGHS) is the ex-officio chairman of this statutory body which is constituted by the ministry under section 5 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.

Read more at:The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

E-waybills

The Union government on Tuesday announced that it would be rolling out the e-waybill system for intra-State transport of goods in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh on April 15

Highlights:

  • The countrywide e-waybill system for the inter-State movement of goods was rolled out on April 1
  • Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala have taken the lead over other States and have emerged as the top States in terms of number of e-waybills being generated
  • The rules are largely similar for the inter- and intra-State movement of goods, there are relaxations available if the journey is of shorter distances.
  • Trade and industry will be further facilitated insofar as the transport of goods is concerned, thereby eventually paving the way for a nation-wide single e-waybill system

Read more at: The Hindu

Prime Minister MUDRA Yojana (PMMY)

Interacting with the beneficiaries of the PMMY on the completion of three years of the launching of the scheme here today, the Vice President said that a record number of 12 crore beneficiaries have received loans under the scheme.

Highlights:

  • The main objective of the MUDRA Yojana was to make people stand on their own legs.
  • A majority of those who received loans were from the underprivileged sections like fishermen, toddy tappers, weavers, goldsmiths, blacksmiths and others
  • The historic scheme will be beneficial to women as it will make them self-reliant

About MUDRA:

  • A scheme launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on April 8, 2015 for providing loans upto 10 lakh to the non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises.
  • These loans are classified as MUDRA loans under PMMY. These loans are given by Commercial Banks, RRBs, Small Finance Banks, Cooperative Banks, MFIs and NBFCs.
  • The borrower can approach any of the lending institutions mentioned above or can apply online through this portal.
  • Under the aegis of PMMY, MUDRA has created three products namely ‘Shishu’, ‘Kishore’ and ‘Tarun’ to signify the stage of growth / development and funding needs of the beneficiary micro unit / entrepreneur and also provide a reference point for the next phase of graduation / growth.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Energy

World’s largest greenfield oil refinery

A consortium of India’s three state-run Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs)  signed an agreement with Saudi Aramco, the world’s largest producer of crude oil, to set up the world’s largest greenfield integrated oil refinery on the west coast of India.

Highlights:

  • Indian Oil Corp (IOC), Bharat Petroleum Corp (BPCL) and Hindustan Petroleum (HPCL) signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) during the 16th International Energy Forum (IEF)
  • The project will have Saudi Aramco as a 50 percent equity partner and the rest 50 per cent will be held by the Indian consortium

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

5G equipment

To establish India as a key global player in standardisation, R&D and manufacturing of 5G equipment, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Delhi is opening a Massive Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) lab on the campus.

Highlights:

  • The lab will be the first of its kind in the country and has been set-up at the Bharti School of Telecommunication Technology and Management.
  • 5G base station prototype will be used to test and verify algorithms, and also to develop a complete 5G base station, which can possibly lead to manufacturing of 5G base stations in India with support/ collaboration from industry.
  • It will also be instrumental in generating skilled manpower in this technology
  • In Massive MIMO, several antennas are deployed at the base station as compared to only a few antennas in 3G/4G.
  • This large antenna array at the base station allows the network to communicate reliably with a very large number of mobile terminals simultaneously at the same time and on the same frequency channel.
  • The large antenna array also improves system power efficiency as mobile terminals will now be required to radiate 10 times lesser power than in 3G/4G systems

Read more at:The Hindu

 

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