May 7,2018

Quiz – May 04, 2018
May 6, 2018
Quiz – May 06, 2018
May 7, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

Topic 1:Economic development

ADB: Strategy 2030

Asian Development Bank (ADB’s) new long-term corporate strategy to 2030—Strategy 2030—aims to set the course for ADB’s efforts to respond effectively to the region’s changing needs

Highlights:

  • Under Strategy 2030, ADB will sustain its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty, given the region’s unfinished poverty agenda, and expand its vision to achieve a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific.
  • The draft reflects feedback from a wide range of stakeholders during consultations, and builds on various assessments, including the Midterm Review of Strategy 2020, development effectiveness reviews, and studies by the Independent Evaluation Department.

About ADB:

  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966 which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.
  • The company also maintains 31 field offices around the world to promote social and economic development in Asia.
  • The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific(UNESCAP, formerly the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East or ECAFE) and non-regional developed countries.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Deep-sea fishing project

The deep-sea fishing project to end bottom trawling in the Palk Bay received a fresh impetus when a private firm set up its ship building yard at Kunthukal near Rameswaram for building ‘‘Tuna long liners and gillnetting fishing vessels’.

Highlights:

  • The Tharangambadi-based ‘Uma Ship Builder & Repairs Pvt Ltd’, one of the 18 companies empanelled by the government for building long liners, became the first firm to set up the shipyard in the island after signing an agreement with fishermen beneficiaries to build 10 long liners
  • The company has developed the design of the vessels in consultation with the beneficiaries. The decision to set up the yard in Rameswaram was to help the fishermen in repairs and refurbishing
  • Fishermen who opted for deep-sea fishing were being trained by the Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training (CIFNET).

About Deep Sea Fishing:

  • Deep sea fishing refers to the commercial fishing industry where the fishermen look for large hauls of fish at the bottom of the ocean.
  • Deep sea fishing aims at giving fishermen and fishing buffs access to the deeper parts of the ocean and the fish species that only live in the open ocean.

Read more at: The Hindu

New technology purifies water using sunlight

Scientists have developed a new technology that uses the sunlight to purify water with near-perfect efficiency.

Highlights:

  • The idea of using energy from the sun to evaporate and purify water was reportedly described by Greek philosopher Aristotle over 2,000 years ago.
  • By draping black, carbon-dipped paper in a triangular shape and using it to both absorb and vaporise water, researchers have developed a method for using sunlight to generate clean water with near-perfect efficiency.
  • when solar energy is used to evaporate water, some of the energy is wasted as heat is lost to the surrounding environment. This makes the process less than 100 per cent efficient
  • The low-cost technology could provide drinking water in regions where resources are scarce, or where natural disasters have struck.
  • Solar stills have been around for a long time. These devices use the sun’s heat to evaporate water, leaving salt, bacteria and dirt behind
  • Researchers have launched a startup, Sunny Clean Water, to bring the invention to people who need it. The company is integrating the new evaporation system into a prototype of a solar still, a sun-powered water purifier.
  • The technique has many advantages. It is simple, and the power source  the sun and it is available just about everywhere.

Read more at: The Hindu

Save the koala

Australia  unveiled a US$34-million plan to help bring its koala population back from the brink, following a rapid decline in the furry marsupial’s fortunes.

Highlights:

  • The Australian Koala Foundation estimates there may be as few as 43,000 koalas left in the wild, down from a population believed to number more than 10 million prior to European settlement of the continent in 1788.
  • Under the Aus$45 million plan, thousands of hectares will be set aside to preserve the marsupial’s natural habitat.
  • Funds will be used to tackle diseases ravaging koala populations, including chlamydia — which causes blindness, infertility and death in the species.
  • The move follows an independent report in late 2016 that recommended a clearer strategy to deal with the population decline.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Smart Buildings Technology

Owners and Investors can gain up to 25x increased property value for OpEx reductions, adding quick and affordable differentiated building amenities that attract and retain tenants and help stage for sale.

Highlights:

  • The total cost of acquisition (TCA) can be significantly reduced with an energy efficient and easily installed IoT based building automation solution
  • Affordable sensors and wireless devices are making IoT-based BAS a cost-effective solution for commercial buildings of all sizes, at a fraction of traditional system costs.
  • The speed and ease of installation for wireless and intuitive BAS systems can be 80% lower than traditional systems, making for quick retrofits with minimal occupant disruption.
  • A cloud based system eliminates the need to buy dedicated servers or workstations and the related maintenance of physical IT compute and forced upgrades over time.
  • Utility and repair/maintenance expenses remain two largest operating expense categories for commercial buildings
  • An intelligent building automation system can start saving in ongoing operational expenses (OpEx) that make up the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) for a building automation system.

Read more at: IoT

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