Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
Topic 1:Social development
Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana –“Saubhagya” is a scheme to ensure electrification of all willing households in the country in rural as well as urban areas.
- The objective of the ‘Saubhagya’ is to provide energy access to all by last mile connectivity and electricity connections to all remaining un-electrified households in rural as well as urban areas to achieve universal household electrification in the country.
- The States and Union Territories are required to complete the works of household electrification by the 31st of December 2018.
- The beneficiaries for free electricity connections would be identified using Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 data
- The beneficiary household will get five LED lights, one DC fan, one DC power plug. It also includes the Repair and Maintenance (R&M) for 5 years.
- According to the definition, in place since October 1997, a village is deemed to be electrified if basic infrastructure such as a distribution transformer and distribution lines are in place in the inhabited locality, electricity is provided to public places like schools, panchayat office, health centres, dispensaries, community centres
- At least 10% of the households in the village are electrified.
- The Saubhagya scheme defines the electrification of a household as including a service line cable, energy meter, and single point wiring.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 2 : Environment
Swachh Bharat Mission launched GOBAR-DHAN
Union Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation launched the GOBAR (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources – DHAN scheme at the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)
- The scheme aims to positively impact village cleanliness and generate wealth and energy from cattle and organic waste.
- The scheme also aims at creating new rural livelihood opportunities and enhancing income for farmers and other rural people.
- Under GObar-Dhan, cooking gas would be provided to rural habitations and technical support would ensure that the schemes functioned on a sustainable basis
About Swachh Bharat Mission:
- Swachh Bharat Mission is a massive mass movement that seeks to create a Clean India by 2019.
- The urban component of the mission will be implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development, and the rural component by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
- The Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).
- The mission aims to make India an open defecation free country in Five Years. It seeks to improve the levels of cleanliness in rural areas through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean and sanitised.
Read more at:PIB
The cost of pollution
Pollution is a challenge to developing countries which try to achieve rapid economic development without adequately managing the environment.
- At the household level, the economic loss on account of pollution includes the cost of treatment and wage loss during sickness.
- Pollution impacts ecosystems and related economic activities like agriculture and livestock
- Pollution impacts the socially vulnerable and poor communities more due to their weak coping options
- There should be public awareness about its consequences,
- Adequate pollution-linked databases, integration of pollution prevention policies into the development sector
- Strict enforcement of pollution control policies
- Eco-friendly inputs in production
- Reliance on renewable energy
- Increase in ecosystem resilience through the conservation of biodiversity.
The environmental Kuznets curve(EKC):
- The EKC hypothesis which suggests that as per capita income grows, the increase in environmental impact hits the maximum and thereafter declines
- India is on the upward part of the EKC
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
Govt. launches Pilot scheme Procurement of Aggregate Power
The Government kicks off a Pilot Scheme for Procurement of Aggregate Power of 2500 MW on competitive basis for 3 (three) years under medium term i.e. from generators with commissioned projects but without Power Purchase Agreement
- PTC India would sign three-year (mid-term) Agreement for Procurement of Power with successful bidders and Power Supply Agreement with the Discoms.
- Under the scheme a single entity can be allotted maximum capacity of 600 MW.
- The Scheme assures a minimum off-take of 55 per cent of contracted capacity.
- The Tariff will be fixed for three years without any escalation.
- This scheme is expected to revive the power demand which has affected the generators not having Power Purchase Agreements.
Read more at: PIB
Indo-Pak border powered by solar energy
The front posts of Border Security Force (BSF) in Sri Ganganagar district along the Indo-Pak border in Rajasthan have now been fitted with solar power equipment to help the jawans recharge their communication and safety gear.
- The batteries store electricity to power these posts even after sunset and the jawans, who had to earlier travel 4-5 kilometer to their base camps to get their gadgets charged, can now recharge their wireless systems and mobile phones at their posts
- Each BSF post along the international border with a 1.5 Kilowatt solar system comprising a solar inverter along with 500 watt solar panels and batteries which provide energy to power lights and 2-3 fans in each of these locations is solarized.
Read more at: ET