June 29,2018

Quiz – June 27, 2018
June 28, 2018
Quiz – June 28, 2018
June 29, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Sinking rupee

The rupee breached the 69 to the dollar  mark for the first time, is the worst-performing currency in Asia this year.

Reasons:

  • The rise in international crude oil prices
  • The rise in global trade tensions amidst the ongoing trade war
  • The tightening of monetary policy by the U.S. Federal Reserve  Investors attracted by higher yields in the United States have been pulling their capital out of India
  • Steep fall in Indian bond prices.
  • India’s current account deficit is now expected to widen.

Measures :

  • Reserve Bank of India, has recently raised domestic interest rates in response to rising external economic risks.
  • India’s current account deficit has to be minimised
  • Measures to curb the foreign fund outflow

Read more at: The Hindu

Unicorns in India

  • A unicorn is a startup company with a value of over $1 billion.
  • The term “unicorn” was first popularized by the venture capitalist Aileen Lee

India’s Unicorn Club is set to double  about 20 members this year in the domestic startup ecosystem.

Highlights:

  • The new Unicorns are from sectors such as software, logistics and financial technology, diversifying the pool from online commerce and advertising models.
  • Sectors like SaaS has now become mainstream.

Read more at: ET

Topic 1:Social development

First Delta Ranking under the Aspirational Districts Programme

NITI Aayog will release the First Delta Ranking of the Aspirational Districts Programme

Key Facts:

  • The districts have been ranked in a transparent basis on parameters across Health & Nutrition, Education, Agriculture & Water Resources, Financial Inclusion & Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure through 49 key performance indicators.
  • The rankings are publicly available through the Champions of Change Dashboard, which includes data entered on a real-time basis at the district level.
  • The Delta ranking seeks to highlight the Districts who have achieved incremental progress between the months of March 2018 and May 2018.  

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

The Plastic Waste Management Rules of 2016

Key Provisions:

  • Strengthen the concept of ‘extended producers responsibility’ whereby plastics manufacturers and retail establishments that use plastic are legally bound to introduce a system of collecting back plastic waste.
  • A plastic waste management fee be collected through pre-registration of the producers, importers of plastic carry bags/multi layered packaging and vendors selling the same, for establishing a waste management system.
  • They envisage promoting the use of plastic waste for road construction, or energy recovery, or waste to oil, etc.,
  • Think up ways of gainfully utilising waste and addressing waste disposal.
  • They mandate an increase in the thickness of carry bags and plastic sheets from 40 to 50 micron.
  • Local bodies and gram panchayats are responsible for implementing and coordinating a waste management system
  • The amendment also provides for a centralised registration system.
  • The centralised registration system will be evolved by the Central Pollution Control Board for the registration of the producer/importer/brand owner.
  • They  lay down that any mechanism for registration should be automated and should take into account ease of doing business for producers, recyclers and manufacturers.

Read more at: The Hindu

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Many scientists claims that the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), is hindering biodiversity research and preventing international collaborations due to regulations that have risen due to its implementation.

  • Due to national-level legislations instituted by countries under the CBD, obtaining field permits for access to specimens for non-commercial research has become increasingly difficult

Suggestions:

  • The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture or the “Seed Treaty”, which ensures worldwide public accessibility of genetic resources of essential food and fodder, could be used as a model for exchange of biological materials for non-commercial research.

Convention on Biological Diversity:

  • The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.
  • The Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
  • Its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.
  • The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity
  • India is one of the 196 countries that has committed to the CBD and ratified it in February 1994.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Launch of MES Website

Military Engineer Services (MES), which is the dedicated Engineering Department to provide infrastructure (development and maintenance) support to Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard and DRDO, launched its newly designed website.

Highlights:

  • The website has been made more user friendly and in conformity with GIGW(GUIDELINES FOR INDIAN GOVERNMENT WEBSITES) guidelines.
  • Online Registration of Contractors, approved list of contractors and consultants, product approvals and enlistment procedures are the additional facilities which have been added to the website.
  • Certain Technical Drawings of unclassified nature will also form part of the website.
  • MES publications like MES Regulations, Standard Schedule of Rates and scales of Accommodation have also been made accessible to the authenticated registered users.
  • The website contains information about MES to be published in compliance with section 4(1) of RTI Act 2005.

Read more at: PIB

Web Application Attacks

India ranked fourth in the list of top 10 target countries for Web Application Attacks as bot-driven abuse and distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks continued to rise.

Highlights:

  • India  ranked eighth globally in the list of Web Application Attack source countries.
  • Cybersecurity defenders face increasing threats from organisations in the form of bot-based credential abuse targeting the hospitality industry and advanced DDoS attacks
  • Credential abuse is the deliberate theft and use of stolen username and password to access sensitive or high-value data for personal gain, espionage, or other malicious intent.
  • The report highlighted the importance of maintaining agility not only by security teams but also by developers, network operators and service providers in order to mitigate new threats.

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

National Rural Health Mission

  • NRHM aims to provide Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Health and Adolescent (RMNCH+A) services to the rural deprived people through its network of ASHA, ANMs and AWWs
  • It focus on providing fully functional, community owned and decentralised health delivery system in rural areas
  • NRHM, also called NRHM-RCH Flexipool is one of the components of NHM and is for all towns and villages below the population of 50,000.
  • Various initiatives under NRHM
  1. Accredited social health activists
  2. JananiSurakshaYojana
  3. JananiShishuSurakshaKaryakram (JSSK)
  4. RashtriyaBalSwasthyaKaryakram (RBSK)  
  5. Mainstreaming AYUSH – revitalizing local health traditions.

Mothers’ Absolute Affection (MAA) Program

  • The program aims to enhance optimal breastfeeding practices in the country.
  • It seeks to create an enabling environment to ensure that mothers, husbands and families receive adequate information and support for promotion of breastfeeding.
  • The chief components of the Programme are
  1. Community awareness generation
  2. Strengthening inter personal communication through ASHA
  3. Skilled support for breastfeeding at Delivery points in Public health facilities, and
  4. Monitoring and Award/recognition  

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